F: David McCUTCHEON (4) (David McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born in Mulmur Township, Dufferin County, ON. on the 28th July 1883 and he died on the 28th February 1949 in Saskatoon, SK. He married Charlotte Ann ABERDEEN (3rd July 1866 – 24th December 1911) on the 27th April 1886 at the Rosemont Anglican Church. Her parents were James Aberdeen and Hannah Ormsby. ►
► Land Grants and/or Letters Patent applied for. In this case, David applied for a Land Grant in Deloraine, Manitoba in 1892 and he received his Letters Patent to his farm, the North East ¼ of Section 30, Township 1, Range 30, WPM, on the 15th December 1897.
His friend, Asabel Denane Henry applied on the same day as David, but received his Letters Patent for the North West ¼ of Section 30 on the 25th November 1901.
By 1890, the land rush to Western Canada was already well under way when David, his wife and four children loaded their belongings onto the CPR and came west. They left on the 15th March 1892 along with another family, Asabel Denane Henry. They travelled to the end of the steel, which happened to be Deloraine, Manitoba, at least as far as south-eastern Saskatchewan was concerned.
They brought with them furniture, a stove, staples such as flour and sugar, seed grains, enough to establish a home before the cold winter set in. They also shipped some farm animals.
Samuel McCutcheon (his brother-in-law) by the 4th June 1891 was listed on the Census for Saskatchewan and he was the “head of household”. His location is shown on the following map near Gainsborough. Emily and David’s sister, Mary Jane and her husband James Noble and their baby girl, Mary, were living with Sam as “boarders”. There were also several cousins, and nieces and nephews, either here in Saskatchewan, or were coming, as homesteaders.
The land office was located in Deloraine, so both David and Asabel applied for their land, then loaded all of their belongings into wagons and travelled the 60 miles or so over the tough buffalo grass to their homestead. Their farm was located 6 miles from the Manitoba border and 5 miles from the US border.
The attached diagram shows the location of the Township. Each Township was divided into 36 sections, with section one (in the grey square) located lower right. In the grey square, Section 30 was upper left.
The sections ran in the township as:
31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36,
30, 29, 28, 27, 26, 25,
19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24,
18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 13,
7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12,
6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1.
On this grid map, are the locations of 5 McCutcheon homesteads. David’s homestead is located in the grey shaded area. Shown are his 2 sisters, Mary Jane (married to James noble) and Emily Mary (married to Samuel McCutcheon).
Also shown in close proximity are Samuel’s McCutcheon’s two brothers, Joseph and William Tanner McCutcheon.
David and his neighbour, Asabel didn’t construct frame houses. Because of the lack of materials on the plains (wood or rocks) and the isolation from civilization, their first prairie home was built out of the tough, thickly rooted buffalo grass. A Sod House or colloquially called “Soddy”. Sod houses were inexpensive to build, but were of very high maintenance and were usually temporary.
These temporary homes were very well insulated; damp and musty; buggy; if it rained outside, these houses rained inside for 3 days after. The sod was cut 2 feet wide by 1 and ½ feet deep, then piled one on top of the other. Quite often the roof was pieces of sod also, laid over a framework.
Not everyone was enchanted with pioneer life. Many settlers, wanting to be relieved of the burden of their homesteads, sold their land for next to nothing. David began buying some of the farms. However, Charlotte wanted to return to Ontario, so after the birth of David Frederick (May 1897) as soon as she could travel, she left the homestead for Ontario with the five children. David stayed behind to complete the harvest and he too, returned to Ontario.
He farmed the McCutcheon homestead until 1911 when they moved to Tossoronto. It was here Charlotte died on the 24th December 1911. Her cause of death was labelled as the old classification “Bright’s Disease” which she had been suffering with for 3 years. On the 18th May 1912, David and his four sons moved to Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. They operated a livery stable and his sons worked as Teamsters and harness makers. In the early 1930’s David and his son Cecil farmed near Big River Sask. He died in Saskatoon at the ripe old age of 85.
~CHILDREN OF DAVID McCUTCHEON AND CHARLOTTE ABERDEEN WERE~
- Edith Irene McCUTCHEON (5). See i following.
- Luella McCUTCHEON (5. See ii following.
- Cecil Avondale McCUTCHEON (5). See iii following.
- Roy Aberdeen McCUTCHEON (5) (David McCutcheon-4; David McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born on the 8th April 1893 in Gainsborough, SK; he died in the theatre of war in France on the 20th May 1915.
IN MEMORY OF PRIVATE ROY McCUTCHEON
1914 – France
McCUTCHEON, Roy McCutcheon was killed in action at the age of 17 years in France. He was serving in the Canadian Army, Infantry (Manitoba Regiment), 16th Battalion Division. Citation: 1914-1915 Star.
Roy’s body was never found.
Date of Enlistment: September 26, 1914, Val Cartier, Quebec, Canada. Son of David McCutcheon of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
BURIAL: Vimy Memorial, Pas de Calais, France. Canada’s most impressive tribute to those Canadians who fought and gave their lives in the first World War is the majestic and inspiring VIMY MEMORIAL, which overlooks the Douai Plain from the highest point of Vimy Ridge, about 8 kilometres northwest of Arras on the N17 towards Lens. The memorial is signposted from this road to the left, just before you enter the village of Vimy from the south. The memorial itself is some way inside the memorial park, but again it is well signposted. At the base of the memorial these words appear in French and in English:
TO THE VALOUR OF THEIR COUNTRYMEN IN THE GREAT WAR AND IN MEMORY OF THEIR SIXTY THOUSAND DEAD THIS MONUMENT IS RAISED BY THE PEOPLE OF CANADA.
- Carl Palmer (Erle) McCUTCHEON (5) (David McCutcheon-4; David McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born on the 4th April 1895 in Gainsborough, SK and he died on the 21st June 1978 in Glendale, California.
NOTE: Carl Palmer McCutcheon enlisted along with his brother Roy and was in the same battalion. He was also wounded but not as severely as Cecil. He was repatriated in May 1919 and returned to Saskatoon. In 1924 he and his brother Fred moved to Los Angeles where they worked for the Mutual Dairy. Cecil never married.
- David Frederick McCUTCHEON (5). See iv following.
- Charlotte Louisa McCUTCHEON (5) (David McCutcheon-4; David McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born on the 17th June 1899 and she died on the 24TH August 1899 in Mulmur Township, Dufferin County.
- Celia Berdella Ormsby McCUTCHEON (5) (David McCutcheon-4; David McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born on the 3rd October 1900 in Mulmur Township, Dufferin County and she died on the 12th November 1974 in Saskatoon, SK. She was buried at Hillcrest Memorial Gardens. She married Cyril Victor CHAMBERLAIN circa 1924.
EDITH IRENE McCUTCHEON (1887-1946)
i. Edith Irene McCUTCHEON (5) (David McCutcheon-4; David McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born on the 4th August 1887 in Mulmur Township, Dufferin County and she died in Eldon township, ON. on the 9th January 1946. She was buried at the Bolsover Cemetery. She married Donald McDONALD on the 3rd June 1918 in Victoria County, ON. He was born in Ontario on the 27th April 1872 and he died in York County on the 25th June 1957. His parents were Alexander MacDonald and Margaret MacArthur who immigrated to Canada from Scotland.
NOTE: As a child, Edith McCutcheon was sickly with a bronchial condition. Therefore, she did not migrate west with the family; instead staying behind with her maternal grand-parents, the Aberdeen’s. She attended Alliston High, Bradford Model and Hamilton Normal Schools. After graduating and before marrying, she taught at several schools; in January 1905 at Egypt School; then at Rosemont, Camilla, Putnam, and Bolsover School. After she married the young couple moved to a farm near Bolsover in Victoria County where she continued to teach.
The spelling of this family’s surname in the older generations was “MacDonald”. Donald’s father, Alexander MacDonald was born in Dalabrog, South Uist, Invernesshire, Scotland. The “a” from “Mac” seems to have been eliminated in Canada and his children and grand-children spell their name “McDonald”.
~CHILDREN OF EDITH IRENE McCUTCHEON AND DONALD McDONALD WERE~
- John Alexander McDONALD (6) B. 19th January 1919. D. 26th February 1999 in Scarborough, ON. He married Murdina Hugh McRAE (1914-1997) in 1946. They are buried at Resthaven Memorial Gardens Scarborough, Ontario. Their children: Jessie Farmer (a foster child); Linda Alice; Daniel John; Catherine Edith.
- David Lyall McDONALD (6) B. 24th August 1920 in Grand Valley, Dufferin County, ON. He married Mary YEATMAN in 1948. Their children: Brian David (1949-1949); Darryl Trent; Terrence Alfred; Randall Wayne; Brenda Edith; David Scott; Marvin Trevor.
- Roy Aberdeen McDONALD (6) B.14th April 1922 in Eldon Township, Victoria County, ON. He married Nancy LAMB on the 5th April 1958. Their children: Craig Lawrence; Martin Keith.
- Alice Mary McDONALD (6) B. 22nd April 1929 in Eldon Township, Victoria County, ON. She married Robert George BURKE on the 5th April 1953 in Lindsey, ON. Their children: Edith Colleen; Sharon Alice; Bonnie Hazel Louise; Wanda Heather; Dale Robert.
LUELLA MILDRED McCUTCHEON (1889-1930)
ii. Luella Mildred McCUTCHEON (5) (David McCutcheon-4; David McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born on the 10th March 1889 in Mulmur Township, Dufferin County and she died on the 11th June 1930 in Shelburne, ON. She married her cousin, Ernest Beck SMITH, on the 12th July 1910 in Dufferin. He was born on the 1st October 1887 in Osprey Township and he died on the 16th August 1957 in Shelburne, ON. They were both buried at the Shelburne Cemetery. His parents were Samuel Smith and Mary Jane McCutcheon. ♣♣
NOTE: When Luella Mildred married, the young couple settled on a farm near the McCutcheon homestead. Luella died 7 days after the birth of her eighth child, James Vernon Smythe. Because Ernest was unable to care for the baby he was adopted by the Leeder family at Port Elgin, Ontario. Della, Luella and Ernest’s only daughter, stayed home to keep house and to look after her father until he remarried.
Luella and Ernest Beck Smith’s information, story and family are aforementioned in CHAPTER 6 – E: William McCutcheon.
Luella and Ernest Beck Smith’s information, story and family are aforementioned in CHAPTER 6 – E: William McCutcheon.
♣♣ Cousins married cousins: Ernest Smyth’s mother was Mary Jane McCutcheon (daughter of Robert McCutcheon and Agnes Beck, nephew to Samuel McCutcheon).
CECIL AVONDALE McCUTCHEON (1891-1970)
iii. Cecil Avondale McCUTCHEON (5) (David McCutcheon-4; David McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born on the 25th May 1891 in Mulmur Township, Dufferin County and he died on the 19th December 1970 in Saskatoon, SK. He married Lottie COX in 1919 in Moose Jaw, SK. She was born on the 2nd September 1895 in London, ON. and she died on the 29th March 1982 in Saskatoon. They were both buried at the Saskatoon Memorial Gardens.
NOTE: Cecil was a teamster. Cecil joined the Canadian Army in Saskatoon, on the 16th March 1916 and was mustered overseas in June. He landed in France on the 11th August 1916 and was severely wounded and gassed at Ypres on 1st September 1916. He was taken to England whereby he spent a long time in hospitals. Then he went back to France in April 1918 and was repatriated in January 1919. He homesteaded near Big River, but returned to Saskatoon in the early 1940’s where Cecil worked for Gavin Bakeries as a shipper. He suffered much illness as a result of his war wounds and also had suffered a serious injury in the bush while homesteading. See story following.
~CHILD OF CECIL AVONDALE McCUTCHEON AND LOTTIE COX WAS~
- Mildred McCUTCHEON (6) B. 1920. D. 14th July 1987 in Saskatoon, SK. She married twice: 1st to Elijah James SHEPPERD (1904-1955). Their children: Violet; Frederick James; Robert J; Roy Albert; Cecil D. 2nd to Charles Bowers.
DAVID FREDERICK McCUTCHEON (1897-1965)
iv. David Frederick McCUTCHEON (5) (David McCutcheon-4; David McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born on the 29th May 1897 in Gainsborough, SK. And he died on the 29th October 1965 in Vancouver, BC. He married Ruth Emily Jane PLANER circa 1925. Ruth was born on the 17th May 1905 in Minot, ND and she died on the 24th January 1981 in Vancouver, BC. Her parents were John Planer and Ruth Adams.
NOTE: In 1917, David was employed as a harness maker in Saskatoon, SK. Then on the 28th August 1925, David (Fred) crossed the US/Mexico border on foot, going to Tijuana, MX. On this border crossing, he gave his address as Los Angeles, CA. and his occupation as “Dairyman”. He was single at the time. Next we locate David Frederick (called Fred in real life) and Ruth, along with one son William, living in Los Angeles, CA, in 1930. He was working for a dairy company delivering milk. He might have become a naturalized US Citizen because his death record is listed through the U.S. Consulate in Canada.
~CHILDREN OF DAVID FREDERICK McCUTCHEON AND RUTH PLANER WERE~
- William Frederick McCUTCHEON (6) B. 27 October 1926 in Los Angeles, CA. He married Elsa K JACOBSEN. Their children: Kristie Ann; Jane.
- David Erle McCUTCHEON (6) B. 3rd October 1930 in Los Angeles. CA. D. 10th September 2011. He married Irene MUTTA on the 24th August 1956 in Vancouver, BC. Their children: George David; Matthew William; Timothy Alan; Ann Lisa.
FOUR BROTHERS WHO MADE A DIFFERENCE
Cecil, Roy, Carl and David were brothers born between 1891 and 1897, 3 of them in Gainsborough, Saskatchewan. It appears that their parents settled briefly in Gainsborough, probably with the hope of attaining a land grant.
With their prospects not being met, David and Charlotte moved back to Mulmur, where 2 more were children born to them. The family then remained in Mulmur until shortly after the 1911 census of Canada. Their mother, Charlotte Ann died on the 24th December 1911 and was buried at the Rosemont Pioneer Cemetery. David, along with five of his children ventured back out west to Saskatoon, where David died.
On the WW I attestation papers for Carl and David, their profession was “harness maker”; Cecil and Roy, were both “Teamsters”. A Teamster is a “driver of animals”. In the days of the Wild West, a teamster was the driver of a stage coach. Although the main method of long distance transportation in 1915 was the train, there was a need for shorter distance runs. Automobiles were still a novelty, with only the wealthy affording one. Gas stations were not readily available for autos yet and automotive products were used mainly in urban centers, quite often pulled by horses when gasoline couldn’t be found. The so-called highways were still dirt ruts.
1817: The stage coach era began in Canada circa 1817 when a route was set up between Montreal, Quebec and Kingston, Ontario. The following year a new route was opened, extending to Toronto and the journey was made “only at the first safe opportunity”. Interestingly enough, it was used by the new found Bank of Montreal to transport money to its fledgling office in York. The journey lasted a week.
Then the post office contracted with the stage coach lines for regular mail delivery, which expanded to the territories. The ever present passenger, willing to ride on un-padded seats, with their trunks and suitcases completed the list.
1836: May – The stage coach travelling between Montreal and York broke though the ice at Coteau-du-Lac, Quebec. Luckily, no one was injured and eventually all of the mail and money was retrieved, albeit wet and soggy.
1886: June 28th – The Pacific Express left Montreal for the first trans-continental run to Port Moody, BC.
1886: July 17th – The first mail stagecoach was held up by a loner robber in Saskatchewan.
1900: This reference found mentioning stage coaches “David Cameron farmed and maintained his stage coach line out of Gladstone (Manitoba) early 1900”s” is an example of the many overland teamsters who drove stage coaches.
1912: By 1905 there was no longer a need for long distance stage coach routes so the stage lines provided networks radiating out from the railway stations to and from the surrounding countryside. This service completely died out by the mid 1920’s thereby ending the stagecoach era. However, both Cecil and Roy would have found employment driving stage coaches over the many rough trails and dirt roads servicing the small out-lying communities in rural Saskatchewan.
And then this family gave the ultimate sacrifice to Canada. Their 17 year old son Roy was killed in action in 1915 in France. He had served in the active militia while living in Saskatoon. World War One began in the summer of 1914 and Roy enlisted almost immediately on the 26th September 1914 at the age of 16 years, 4 days after his brother Carl. Carl also served in the active militia, belonging to the 105th Saskatchewan Fusiliers.
Then eleven months after his brother was killed, Cecil enlisted In the Canadian army and was mustered overseas. And finally the fourth brother, David, was drafted at the age of 20 on the 7th March 1918. However, he never made it overseas; the war was over and he was discharged because of demobilization. One family had already given enough.