Letters Patent 2 – 1/4 of Sections of Number 14 SE & SW; 4- 21- W1 – 1887
D: Joseph McCUTCHEON (4) (Charles McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born in Mulmur Township, Dufferin, Ontario in 1848 and he died on the 7th December 1905 in Vancouver, BC. He married Abigail HARVERY (1853 Quebec City – 28th November 1915 Vancouver) on the 19TH July 1871 in Horning Mills, ON. They were married by Reverend Thomas Culbert. Witnesses to their wedding were James C. Spence and his sister, Agnes McCutcheon of Horning Mills ON. Both Joseph and Abigail were buried at the Mountview Cemetery in Vancouver. Her parents were James Harvey and Margaret Jane Whyte. ►
Joseph McCutcheon was born in Mulmur, Dufferin County, Ontario in 1848 to Charles McCutcheon and Elizabeth Amelia Tanner. He was of the first generation Canadian born.
Information from Alice Burke states that “He farmed on the homestead for several years, but he is best known for his operation of the stage that ran from Jelly’s Corners (Shelburne) to Sing’s Mills (Singhampton). This stage started about 1866. Joe sold it in 1875 and became a brick-maker at Shelburne Brickyards. This brickyard was owned by Thomas Horsley and he helped to produce the large order of bricks for the first Royal Hotel Block in 1875. Before going west, Joseph had a hotel in Orangeville, Ontario.” Joseph worked as a teamster for many years, honing his knowledge and skill of the horse, which he utilized when he homesteaded a few years later.
When Joseph was 33 years old, he was amongst the early pioneers who bundled up his family and headed for the land rush to the “Territories”. Joseph applied for land grants circa 1881 for two ¼ sections of land, both the SW and SE quarters of section 14 near Deloraine, Manitoba – Township 4; Range 21; West of the Prime Meridian. He met all of the criteria to receive title to the land and received his “Letters Patent”, one on the 6th May 1887 and the other on the 28th November 1887. Attached, are both titles.
He was on his land by March 1882 and had his house built in 1883. In order to obtain his title he “reported that he had lived continuously on the land except for a few casual absences. In 1882 he broke 8 acres; in 1883 he broke 5 acres and cropped 8 acres; in 1884 he broke 22 acres and cropped 13 acres; in 1885 he broke 14 acres and cropped 35 acres; in 1886 he broke 18 acres and cropped 52 acres. In 1883 he had 4 cattle; in 1884 he had 3 cattle; in 1885 he had 1 cow and 2 horses; in 1886 he had 2 horses. He had a house 14′ by 26′ and 10′ x 10′ valued at $300. He also had a stable 18′ x 26′ and granary12′ x 22′ worth $150 and $75. His application was dated January 3, 1887.” He must have worked at an incredibly hard pace.
Joseph’s farm was located about three miles northwest of White-water Lake. This lake was a very shallow lake, marshland really, at one time surrounded by grassland. It was frequented by grazing herds of buffalo. The last buffalo recorded being seen in the Turtle Mountain area was just to the east of this lake in 1883. The area around White Water Lake was the scene of many buffalo hunts organized by the Red River Metis, peaking in 1840 with 1,200 carts camped near the southern shores of the lake. By the time Joseph and Abigail arrived in the area, the buffalo, along with the nesting Whooping and Sandhill cranes, were almost extinct. (Vantagepoints.ca).
During Joseph’s years on the farm here, the lake was used as a frozen highway during the winter months, and was probably the only access to his farm for a few years.
During his time in Manitoba, Joseph bought and sold horses, sometimes travelling to Ontario. He kept in touch with Shelburne through his prolific letter writing, one of which is following, to the Shelburne Free Press.
The first school district in the area, the Primrose School District, was formed in July 1885 with the first school opening in 1887. He was one of the first 3 trustees; his three children were among the first attendees of this little one room school.
According to his obituary, he, Abigail and possibly his daughter Bertha, moved to Vancouver about 1903, selling his farm in Manitoba just shortly before he died. Joseph’s death notice reported that Arthur worked for the B.C. Electric Railway and Oscar was a barber.
Copied from Shelburne Free Press at Ontario Archives:
December 8, 1893
In renewing my subscription to the Free Press, permit me to give you a few items from this part of the country. Perhaps they may be of interest to a number of your readers. The wheat crop in this locality this season was very poor, only averaging from seven bushels per acre down to nothing. The crops of oats and barley were not worth cutting. The crops were greatly injured by hot winds in the beginning of July, and their almost complete failure together with the low price for wheat and beef at this season, leaves the farmers very hard up. There is almost a coal famine here at present. It appears that the C.P.R. Company can only make out to haul us one car of coal every two weeks from the Souris coalfields, although the distance is only 69 miles to the coal mines but they do not forget to charge us $1.50 per ton for that short haul, and $3.91 freight for the coal from Medicine Hat. We want railroad rates lowered before this country is any good for settlers. The coal from Medicine Hat sells here at $9.00 per ton and the Souris coal at $3.50. Poplar wood is from $4.50 to $5.00 per cord. Wheat is $.40, oats $.40, potatoes $.75 a bushel. Pork sells at $6.00 and beef is from $3.50 to $4.50 per hundred weight. Butter is $.20 and eggs $.20 a dozen, and hay only about $3.00 a ton. Cows sell for $30 to $35 and sheep bring about $4.00 each.
Typhoid has been raging here since about the first of August last, but since the cold weather set in it has ceased to spread. We have three cases of it here yet, one being my brother Sam McCutcheon who is very low at present. He has been bedfast for twelve weeks but his family have all recovered from the fever. Should he recover it is his intention to return with his family to Ontario next fall. He has had such heavy losses by fire and sickness that he is completely disgusted with this country.
Wishing you all a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year,
Shelburne Free Press Reel #13, 4th January 1906 copied at Ontario Archives, Toronto, Ontario
DIED IN VANCOUVER
Joseph McCutcheon who started the first brick yards in Shelburne in the early 1870’s died at Vancouver, B.C. on December 7, 1905. Deceased moved from here to Markdale where he lived four or five years before moving to Manitoba in 1881. Since that time he lived in the west, for the greater part of the time at Boissevein. Two years ago he moved to Vancouver and built a couple of stores. Last fall he returned to Boissevein to wind up his business and while there took ill. He immediately started for his home in British Columbia and died at the sanatorium in Vancouver where he was under treatment for cancer of the stomach. He is survived by his widow and two sons and one daughter. His widow is a sister of Mrs. Henderson of Shelburne and was formerly a Miss Harvey of Amaranth. Deceased was a younger brother of Sam McCutcheon of Victoria Street in Shelburne, ON.
► Homestead – Applied for Land Grants and/or Letters Patent.
~CHILDREN OF JOSEPH McCUTCHEON AND ABIGAIL HARVRY~
- Oscar McCUTCHEON (5). See i following.
- Bertha Evelyn McCUTCHEON (5) (Joseph McCutcheon-4; Charles McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born in 1875 in Melancthon Township, Dufferin County, ON and she died during the 1918 flu epidemic on the 9th November 1918 in Vancouver. She was buried at the Mountview Cemetery in Vancouver, BC.
- Arthur Wesley McCUTCHEON (5). See ii following.
OSCAR McCUTCHEON (1872-1936)
i. Oscar McCUTCHEON (5) (Joseph McCutcheon-4; Charles McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born in 1872 in Mulmur Township, Dufferin County, ON and he died in 1936 in Del Mar, CA. He married Jennie Mae DAFOE on the 12th July 1897 in Deloraine, MB. She was born on the 1st May 1875 in Peterborough, ON and she died on the 14th February 1967 in Long Beach, CA. They were both buried at the Long Beach Municipal Cemetery. Her parents were James Dafoe and Amanda Williamson.
NOTE: The family Oscar/Jennie immigrated to the USA in 1910. Oscar was employed as a barber in 1920. Edith Amanda married twice. Her second husband, Graham Kindseth was drafted into the US military on the 5th June 1917. His occupation at that time was “Dentist.”
~CHILDREN OF OSCAR McCUTCHEON AND JENNIE DAFOE WERE~
- Harold Joseph McCUTCHEON (6) B. 8th May Morden, Mb. D. 16th February 1968 in Garden Grove, CA. He married Dorothy Eileen HELM (1895-1997) on the 8th July 1921. Their children were John Wesley (1922); Marjorie Edith (1926).
- Edith Amanda McCUTCHEON (6) B. 24th December 1899 in Gretna, MB. D. at the age of 88 years in Los Angeles. CA. She married twice: 1st Richard Sosten LINARES (1897-1948) circa 1918. Their children: Gerald Richard (1918-1990); Barbara Jane (1924-1997). 2nd husband was Graham M KINDSETH (1892-1940) circa 1935. Their child was Paul Graham (1935).
Pictured is Edith Amanda McCutcheon courtesy of her Great-Grand Daughter, Anna Spencer.
ARTHUR WESLEY McCUTCHEON (1880-1953)
ii. Arthur Wesley McCUTCHEON (5) (Joseph McCutcheon-4; Charles McCutcheon-3; Samuel McCutcheon-2; Samuel McCutcheon-1) was born in February 1880 in Melancthon Township, Dufferin County, ON. He died on the 4th November 1953 in Vancouver, BC. He was buried at the Mountain-view Cemetery. He married Violet May KING on the 29th July 1908 in Vancouver, BC. She was born in September 1888 in BC and she died on the 6thJuly 1965 in Vancouver. Her parents were John R King and Sarah Isabella.
~CHILDREN OF ARTHUR WESLEY McCUTCHEON AND VIOLET MAY KING WERE~
- Evelyn May McCUTCHEON (6) B. August 1910. D. 10th December 1918 in Vancouver, BC. Evelyn died during the 1918 flu epidemic.
- Irene Catherine McCUTCHEON (6) B. 1923. D. 18TH October 1959 in Vancouver, BC. Irene Catherine committed suicide. She was buried at the Mountain View Cemetery.
NOTE: The Arthur Wesley McCutcheon family line became extinct with no heirs.