Chapter 2: The Name McCutcheon: A Study: the Evolution of a name spanning 255 years:

CHAPTER TWO – The Name McCutcheon:
A Study: the Evolution of a name spanning 255 years:

When trying to research the origins of this very old name, until the end of the 16th century and possibly extending into the early part of the 17th century, I found that the sword was mightier than the pen. Writing was confined to a select few, of whom were men of the cloth or men working in the legal profession. There is almost no personal correspondence to draw from. The amateur genealogist, such as I, has to rely on the few written legal and religious sources that are over exhausted and over transcribed.

And I can’t begin to tell you how over transcribed these documents are. The more historians, both professional and amateurs, who interpreted and typed these documents, the more the distortions and errors appear. With this thought in mind, I am recording the documents that I have found as they have been transcribed. The primary sources I have used are the Register of the Great Seal of Scotland, Register of the Privy Council, Kintyre Papers, Kintyre Rent Rolls, Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, and Kintyre Hearth Tax. Any script that is written in this script and/or behind these [………….] are my comments and observations

Another problem are the folklore stories promulgated by the old Sheanachies; older historians and newer writers still insist upon the old folklore stories, instead of standing ‘outside the box’ to look beyond those traditional stories for any possible alternate origins and other explanations.

I hope that this name study matched with good solid data presents the ‘outside the box’ point of view that is not exhaustive. This name study is incomplete and solely represents my research and opinions that many may think to be controversial.

There are 3 ways to best understand a surname;

  1.  Etymology of the name.
  2. Study of the area from where they came.
  3. DNA testing – Y-DNA at the 67 or 111 level

I believe the McCutcheon name is possibly a derivative one of the following;

  1. Mac Ùisdein which means sons of Hugh; [this is the traditional explanation for the name]
  2. MacCailein which means son of Colin;
  3. MhicCailein which means descendant of Colin;
  4. A Gallicised form of MacCampbell – son of a Campbell.

2 or 3 is the most likely and an in-depth study of the Gaelic language would be necessary to determine the actual meaning of this very old name.

Settlers to County Armagh and Down from Scotland came in two great waves; first came the highlanders from the highlands of western Scotland; second came the lowlanders from the southern part of Scotland. The McCutcheon’s were amongst the highlanders bringing their fundamentalist religious zeal and aggressive belief in equal political, economic, social, and civil rights for all people. They were the first part of the great Scottish diaspora that went on to change the rest of the world.

Arthur Herman says on page 108 in his book ‘How the Scots Invented the Modern World’ that the Scottish highlands are a pitiless landscape of granite mountains and deep gouged-out river valleys covered in a thin crust of topsoil. The poor layer of topsoil could barely support agriculture in that region. Eventually wanderers from Ireland whom the Romans called Scoti (bandits) but called themselves Gael inhabited the Scottish highlands and became the clansmen that were the forerunners of the McCutcheon family. The McCutcheon’s began as hunter-gathers and red-shanks (a military component of gallóglach), eventually migrating to greener pastures to become farmers and fishermen.

The two most famous, populous and brutal clans in the old clan system were the MacDonalds and the Campbells. These two large clans fought bitterly; they rarely ever inter-married. It is important to note here the difference between a ‘Chief’ and a ‘Chieftain’. A Chief was the head of the whole name; a Chieftain was the head of an established branch. An example would be Colin MacHutchone (or McEacharne depending on who the transcriber was) was possibly a Chieftain of an established branch of the Campbell’s whose chief was Colin Campbell (1415-1493). This has not ever been officially recognized by the Campbell clan so far to date.

Andrew McKerral states in his book Kintyre in the 17th Century that from the 1505 Rental rolls he was able to determine the principle Kintyre families in the fifteenth century. 2 of the 9 families he listed are the Maceachans of Tangy [a McDonald strong hold] and the Maceachrans of Kilellan [Killean]. The primary source he cited spelled the name as M’Gachyn, M’Gachin, M’Gachane. Kintyre is a purely Gaelic word meaning “lands-end.”

The Gaels congregated in extended family groupings in a feudal system that had as its head, Chiefs such as Colin Campbell Earl of Argyll and Hugh MacDonald of Sleat, who you will meet in the following pages. The Clan consisted of a group of several generations of family and the brutal Chieftain of the extended Clans demanded an absolute loyalty from their clansmen in exchange for land to work or graze cattle. For this gift of land they were expected to owe service in both war and peacetime. In Ireland, they tended to congregate in groups of about 20 houses that were called “Bally” (baile) which is still evidenced today in Irish place names such as Ballymoney, Ballymurphy, Ballycastle, etc.

The term family in these clannish groups was actually fiction. They were no more a family than a ‘mafia family’ and the closest blood ties were the “tacksmen” or caporegimes, the ones who collected the rent. The caporegimes usually bore the same name as their Chief and rode shotgun over the large nondescript and constantly changing peasant and tenant population below him. An example of this caporegime is Colin McHutchone (or McEacharne depending on who the transcriber was) in the following pages. 16

The 17th century (the start of the killing times in Scotland) is the most important one in the refinement of the name ‘McCutcheon’ to its present day spelling and pronunciation and the displacement of the family across the globe. This century saw the displacement of the old Lords, the McDonalds and the rise of the new and powerful family, the ‘Campbell’s of Argyll’ in Kintyre. There were several catastrophes that happened in this century: the campaign of General David Leslie, the Montrose campaign, the unforgettable events of the siege and massacre at Dunaverty, the plague. And finally the Scottish Lowlander plantation of the Scottish highlands and of Northern Ireland.

It is my opinion that the McCutcheons were established in Kintyre before the Scottish Lowlanders planted (settled) the Scottish Highlands which happened 1650-1651.

Records indicate that members of the McCutcheon family originated in Kintyre, Argyll and migrated across Scotland and Ireland concentrating in five locations by 1650:

  1. Campbeltown;
  2. Loch Lomond;
  3. Inverness;
  4. Parish of Dailly, Ayrshire; [spelled Daylie in old history books];
  5. County Down, Northern Ireland.

Argyll (Argyle being the old form) is a Gaelic name meaning “the East-land of the Gael.” The Gaelic language and the Old Norse speech are sources for nearly all the place names of Argyll. Argyll was much larger in the olden time than it is now. It covered the whole area from the Mull of Kintyre to the Clyde west of Drum-alban as far north as the lower borders of the present Sutherland. In a sense, it was the area described today as the ‘highlands’ occupied by the ‘highlanders.’ Keep in mind that there was no word in the Gaelic language for “highlanders.” That is an anglicized word. There were only Gaels. By process of political limitation as can be seen by some of the following excerpts from deeds given out by the English crown, Argyll became smaller and smaller, to its present day size. It was within these lands that the McCutcheon name was born and their psyche was formed.23

The name “Duncan de Argatile” is found in a document dated 1244.23 He is the forerunner of Colin Campbell of Argyll.

At this point I am going to take a slight detour. I hope that the following identification of the phonetic changes in some letters in the English language identified the problem as to the confusion in the early years when the name ‘McCutcheon’ was formed. During the 15th through the 17th centuries, which is the period of our greatest interest in identifying the roots of the McCutcheon name, changes were developing in the English language. There was a shift in the pronunciation of English vowels which further added to the confusion of the translation from Gaelic to English. An example of this is: lyf was pronounced as leaf. After the shift it was pronounced as life. Then throw in some pronunciations of the Gaels such as the letter ‘h’. They pronounced it as itch.

To add to the confusion in old translations of this name, out of 26 letters in the English alphabet, there are 6 consonants that underwent phonetic changes; 2 of them are in the middle of the name ‘McCutcheon’. The ‘c’ and the ‘h’. There is the existence of at least 6 consonant sounds [for the letters ‘s’ ‘z’ ‘f’ ‘v’ ‘c’ ‘h’] that are rare or no longer exist in Modern English or that fail to reflect distinctions we now consider important. These include some of the sounds associated with ‘c ‘ and ‘h’, and the fact that the sounds do not seem to have been seen as distinct meaningful sounds (phonemes) in Anglo-Saxon England. 24 Two modern day examples of this are the words ‘Edinburgh’ and ‘Loch.’

  1.  ‘c’ represents the sound today we commonly spell using ‘k’ (An example would be – Old English cyning being pronounced as ceaning; Modern English king) or ‘ch’ (Old English ciese, Modern English cheese).
  2. ‘h’ could represent either the sound in Modern English of the word ‘head’ (Old English hēafod) or a sound similar to the ‘Scottish’ or ‘German’ ch [x] as in Scottish Loch Lomond, German ich: Old English ‘cniht’ pronounced gutturally as ‘nikted’ as if clearing the back of your throat – modern English knight. As the Modern English spelling suggests this form was usually spelled gh in Old English and disappeared or changed to a sound like f in Modern English.24

When Gaelic surnames began to be anglicized it was done in a haphazard fashion. Gaelic onomastic practises for naming their children took on several different forms. Some families would translate their name literally, others used a phonetic spelling of the Gaelic name and then there were those who chose a nickname that was associated with the family, the clan or sometimes even the color of one’s hair. An example of this type of naming is ‘mac Seamuis Ruadh’ or ‘son of red-haired James’. This resulted in the same family having different surnames.

To add confusion to the foray, there are many Gaelic surnames that do not relate to any historical clan and therefore are not a clan surname. Some names were created from a Gaelic patronymic naming custom. Many Gaelic surnames were not fixed until late – late 1500’s and early 1600’s.

Folklore stories circulated over the past hundreds of years intimated the McCutcheons were a sept of Clan Donald North. DNA studies have now proven that to be wrong. So far in 2017 of the 15 McCutcheon males who have tested their Y-DNA, including Lawrence McCutcheon of the John of Sloanstown line, at the DNA Y-111 marker there are only 2 names – Campbell and McCutcheon. To simplify this information, that is indicative that the McCutcheons are descendant from both a Campbell male and a Campbell female.

Why the name digression from Campbell to M’Cutcheon? Colin McHuchone and his wife Katherine Campbell (who I believe were the progenitors of all McCutcheons) were probably first cousins and therefore could not legally marry in the eyes of the Catholic Church at that time. Any children that they produced would have been considered ‘illegitimate’ in the eyes of the church only. It is important to note here that the highland Clans did not consider any child to be illegitimate. They may even have been turned away or ostracized from the clan for a variety of reasons When that happened, as it often did in the old Clan dynasties, the offending son then took on the name of “son of…..” As will be seen later in this chapter, Colin tried to legitimize his 6 sons which seemed to have failed. And so the McCutcheon surname diverged from the Campbell surname and a new surname was invented.

The origin of the name Campbell (originally spelled Cambel) is attributed to Dugald of Loch Awe.22 Dugald was a very much loved leader who had an interesting habit of talking out of one side of his mouth. In Gaelic onomastic practises for naming, he was given the Gaelic nickname of CAM BEUL meaning curved mouth. Because he was so beloved, his descendants adopted his nickname as their last name. CAM BEUL was then anglicized to Cambel then to Campbell. Cailein Mor Campbell of Lochawe (Colin the Great) became the first Earl of Argyll in 1457.

For example, in Clan Campbell there is the McTavish sept (Son of Thomas), descended from a Thomas Campbell, the McConnochie sept (Son of Duncan), descended from Duncan Campbell. 22

The McCutcheon name is one of these names although which ‘son of’ is not yet known.

The McCutcheons were not by definition a ‘Clan’ as they had no Chieftain and they did not seem to be as cohesive as a Clan. Having said that, the use of clan surnames was not universally used by the common man and was used only on legal documents written by government officials, rather than the surname a family actually used in their community. Clan surnames were most often used by older sons of landed ‘gentry’ families. In other cases families related to a historical clan by way of marriage, legal contracts such a man-rents (military obligations to a laird), tacks men (land lessors) or just allies, and would take the surname of the clan to which they were associated.

Over a period of 100 years or so (1493-1600), as the surname McCutcheon continued in this fashion to develop it often lead to several variants of the original spelling this name: MacHuchone, M’Cachin, M’Aychin, MaKaucheren, M’Gauchan, McKeachin, etc.

My contention is that it is all the same name and through one family, several different branches occur. By the year 1600, the name seems to have spawned several distinct family branches: McHutcheon; McCutcheon; McQuisten; McQueston; McEachern, McEachan. These seem to be the most predominant so far. The McEachan family claim to be descendants of Colin’s son, Neil.

The name “McCUTCHEON” is of Scottish Gaelic origin. I believe it is an Anglicized form of Gaelic (Gàidhlig) of MhicCailein or ‘Descendant of Colin’. COLINI MAKAUCHEREN from the Privy Council of Scotland page 48 dated 1 April 1499 is the earliest documented un-adulterated spelling I have found of this name. This is a Latin version. Names in the southern part of Argyll are not as pure as they are in the northern part. This is because there was a greater influence of the lowlander Scots in south Kintyre that further bastardized the pure pronunciation of Gaelic names.

If anything, I think the name needs further study in the Gaelic language in order to understand where it arose from. A perfect example is the word Gaelic (Gàidhlig). How do you get Gaelic from Gàidhlig? Another example is the Gaelic word Nechtain, How do you get MacNaughton from Nechtain? Here is another one – how do you get James McDonald from James M’CONIL? One more example – Maca’gh-illemhaoil – MacMillian. This list could go on and on.23

The Mac, M’ or Mc prefix was designated to the sons and was adopted by the Norsemen and by Lowland Scots of Cumbric origins which lead to surnames that are part Gaelic and part Cumbric or Norse in origin. N’, Nac, Nc was designated to the daughters.

The name started to evolve by simplifying the name to: MacHuchon, McHuchon, M’Huchon. The prefixes Mac, Mc, or M’ all mean ‘son of’. Mhic, pronounced “’ic” or “ vic “ with a very soft ‘v’, means ‘descendant of or grandson of’. It is often rendered as Vic, Vc or V in old records. The ‘descendent of’ portion was eventually dropped.

In old documents and books, the Mac, Mc or M’ seem to be used haphazardly by the same writer in the same paragraph when talking about the same name. And the same writer even used different spellings of the same name in the same paragraph.

The first name “Roy” meaning ‘red’ in Gaelic surfaces in our possible ancestor – John Roy MakHuchone circa 1494. The spelling of this surname is probably not correct. I have not seen the original document – if it still exists. There was a very early ancestor of Cailein Mor Campbell – his father –Gillespie Roy Campbell (Master Campbell of Loch Awe) who lived from Circa 1382 to March 1446. Was John Roy names after him?

John Roy MakHuchone was probably the first recorded McCutcheon.

And for the next 159 years (until 1653), this name, John Roy MakHuchone, regularly appears in old documents6 as a tenant, a surety and a lessor in and around Campbeltown, South Kintyre. Several generations of MakHuchones sought to honor him by naming one of their children after him. They are:

  1. 1494 – John Roy MakHuchone – circa 1450 – died 1505; (original John Roy).
  2. 26th June 1541 – John Roy McCaucharene;
  3. 26th June 1541 – John Roy McAuchin;
  4. 26th June 1541 – John Roy McCauchan was the surety for Gilnav Marcus for the holding of Keranemore for 20 shillings;
  5. 1619 – John Roy McAcherne of Knokreachbeg and Arnstomnache;
  6. 1636 – John Roy McAcharne of Knochstaplebeg and Auchinsavill [parish of Killcolmkill];
  7. 1636 – Johne Roy McEacharne comes present and actis to produce his tack;
  8. 1653 – John Roy McEchrane of Arynaskawach. (last mention of ).

As the mighty M’Donald’s folded, the Campbell’s took over their lands. This man [men] was a very wealthy man. He [and his children and grand-children] continued to inherit and occupy some of the original lands granted to John Mor Tanister MacDonald. Some of those lands were lands in Kintyre called Killean, Pennygown, Gartloskin, Ellarg, Arynaskawach, Dounglas, Stron, Glenadull, Woctrath, Gartnalag, Quereffour, Lag-na-cloiche, Auchinleck and Glenramskillmore. Where possible I have tried to use modern day spellings for these parishes that are still in existence.

During the early part of 2009, Clan Donald USA published a detailed DNA report online. The 5th paragraph of the introductory page reads: (For some unknown reason their [the McCutcheon DNA] signature closely matches the Campbell chiefs).” Also from this report, “In the R1a group there is at least one Campbell, who joined to confirm or deny a possible Somerled connection.” 5

I am hoping from the following historical data to prove why the McCutcheon DNA signature closely matches that of the Campbell Chiefs.

As the McHutcheons became more moderate and protestantized through their Scottish Episcopalian beliefs, some went on to become ministers who could marry.

Before proceeding to the actual data, a note is needed here to explain the traditional inheritance system that was in place for many hundreds of early years in Great Britain. Upon the death of the father, the eldest son inherited the land and everything that went with it. He was also responsible for taking care of all of his siblings, arrange marriages if necessary, and taking care of his mother should she not remarry. The second son was designated to stay at hand and aide the heir. The third son was quite often designated to be a holy man – priest, minister, etc. The fourth son was pointed in the direction of education (in the later years when education was deemed more important) such as the study of law. And finally, all of the rest of the sons were left to their own devises, some of which could be war, to wander the world or to marry into money and/or more land. An old poem, penned by John Bradshaw in 1625 laments this tradition (he became the judge who sentenced King Charles to death): “My brother Henry must heir the land; My brother Frank be at his command; Whilst I, poor Jack, will do that, All the world will wonder at.”

1364: Duncan (Na-Adh meaning fortunate or prosperous) Campbell de Loch Awe was born circa 1364 in Loch Awe, Argyll, Scotland and he died on the 12th May 1453 at Kilmun, Cowal, Argyll. Duncan was appointed Justiciar of Argyll in 1446. He married twice: first to Margery (Marceline) Stewart de Albany and Menteith (1365-1421). This couple was Gillespie Roy Campbell’s parents. Duncan outlived his first born son Gillespie Roy by 7 years. His grandson became his heir, Cailein Mor Campbell, who I believe spawned Colin McHutchone illegitimately. This Duncan Campbell was also brother to Colin Campbell de Ardkinglas who is another possible lineage for Colin McHutchone. However, at this time, I don’t believe that to be feasible. Ardkinglas geographically is located about 85 miles from Killean which during medieval times would have been a very dangerous and arduous journey.

1382: Gillespie Roy Campbell (Archibald Roy) was born circa 1382 and he died in March 1446. His legal wife was Elizabeth Somerville de Carnwath (1385-1419). This marriage is suspect. Their only legally recognized son was Cailein Mor Campbell 1st Earl de Argyll who was: 1457 Created First Earl of Argyll, succeeding his grandfather; 1470 created Lord of Lorne; 1471 Justiciary of Scotland and Sheriff of the Lordship of Lorne; 1479 Held the office of Lieutenant and commissary of Argyll; 1483 Created Lord Chancellor of Scotland by James III.

All of the above mentioned marriages were arranged marriages which was the customary practise of the epoch. Females could not inherit property at that time and so the female became the chattel in documents at the time of marriage in order to transfer their property to their husbands. Many of these men engaged in hand-fest style marriages which were not recognized as being legal. Many of these hand-fest marriages were love-relationships and produced many illegitimate children.

About 1494 ‘John Roy MakHuchone’ was referred to in an ancient document. In 1494, it is noted that John Roy MakHuchone committed slaughter in Ross. This is a name that will appear, spelled a variety of ways, in the following documents over a period of 159 years.

1499: “In 1499, King James IV granted to Colin McAuchan of Killelan, an old MacDonald vassal [a vassal in the feudal system was a person granted the use of land in return for rendering homage, fealty and usually military service or its equivalent to a lord or other superior] the two merklands of Killean, two merks of Pennygown, two merks of Gartloskan, and two merks of Ellarg and Arynaskawach in the Lordship of South Kintyre, with the office of the mayor of fee of that lordship, which were formerly held by him of John Lord of the Isles. Another of the family, Gillespie [Archibald] McEachran had the freehold Wegill, Achequhork, Kilbride, Lynachn, Achenaslesaige, and Ochtorag. 1 & 6

Who was Gillespie McEachran or Archibald McAuchan? He was probably the younger brother of Colin McAuchan. Colin McAuchan was probably the oldest of several brothers. I believe that Colin had at least 2 brothers; Hector and Archibald.

1st April 1499: Page 48: #368: Apud Rothesay: Preceptum carte COLINI MAKAUCHEREN, — super duabus mercatis terrarum de Killean, ii mercatis terrarum de Pennygown, ii mercatis terrarum de Gartloskin, et ii mercatis terrarum de Ellarg de Arynaskawsach cum pertinentibus, jacen. In dominio de South Kintyre, unacum officio mari de feodo dicti terrarum — que fuerunt dicti Colini terrarum per ipsum de quondam Johanne domino Insularum in captie tente et nunc regi pertinent ratione forisfacture, etc.; TENENDIS dicto Colino et heredibus suis de domino rege et successoribus suis Scotorum regibus, etc., cum clausulis carte; FACIENDO jura et servicia, etc. Per Signetum. Ex mandato regis literatorio. Gratis. Iv. 148.3

1501: John McEachran had a tack for 12 Merklands of Kinloch.6 This John McAuchan may have been Colin’s son.

3rd December 1505: Page 170: # 1174: At Edinburgh: A Respite made to Johne MAKNEILL, J. Makachyn and Donald Moyl Macachane, for all crimes, etc., done in ony tyme bigane …: To endure for all the termez and space of v zeris eftir the date of thir presentis. Subscripta per Regem. Gratis episcopo Lismorensi. Iii. 30.3

Parts of this section are not printed probably because they were unreadable. What crimes these three committed is not known.

December 1505: Tenants in 1505 from the Exchequer Rolls Vol. III. 352 et seq, There are no more such rental records until 1541:

  1. Gillespie Makachane was granted the holdings of Wegill, Kilbride, Kynnachane, Auchincortha, for 6 merklands. Date of grant not known;
  2. McEachran of Killean; [This was Colin];
  3. Church Lands – 1 merkland of Glenramskillmore mortified by McAchern of Killean; [This was Colin];
  4. Rental of South Kintyre – 33 in total of which 13 are:
  • a. Neil McMillian – 4 merklands in Mull; Guarantor was Colin McAcharn;*
  • Gillespie McArcherne had the holdings of Wegill, Achequhork, Kilbride, Lynachn, Achenaslesaige, and Ochtorag for 7 ½ merklands; Surety: Colin McAcherne;
  • John McAcharne – Knokreochmor, Glenmurregeil, Ochtoran for 5 ½ merklands; Surety: Colin McAcharne; Was this Colin’s son?
  • Angus MakAcherne – Knockreochbeg and Atrnabadine for 4 ½ merklands; Surety: Colin McAcharne; Was this Angus another brother to Colin or was he Colin’s son or was he Malcolm’s son?
  • John McArcharne – Kinloch for 4 merklands; Surety: Gilbert McMoyland;
  • Achern McAchern – Kerramenach for 1 merkland; Surety: Colin McAcharne; Was this Hector McAchern a brother also to Colin?
  • Achern McAchern – Newklach for 1 merkland; Surety: Colin McAcharne;\
  • Angus McNachtan [McNaughton]– Gertnawaye for 1 merkland; Surety: Colin McAcharne; *
  • Gillicrest McMolan [McMillian] – Macharecastel for 8/4 of a merkland; Surety: Colin McAcharne;*
  • Donald McMurrich – Glak for 20 shillings; Surety: Colin McAcharne;*
  • Gilliecallum McMurrich – Lepyn, Cawferay, Lepeyn, Stra., Half of Lylle for 6/8 of a merkland; Surety: Archarne McCollin; Archarne McCollin was probably Hector son of Colin;*
  • Pertains to Colin MakAcharne the Mair for his services; 8 merklands for Killean, Pennygown, Gartloskan, Ellarg, Arynnaskw.
  • Colin McAcherne 12 merklands for Auchinleck, Lagnacrag, Quereffour, Teirdonyl. Dounglas, Glenramskillmore, Stron, Glennydill.

*Were these five men married to sisters or daughters of Colin M’Cachin?

5. Rentals for North Kintyre at this time did not have any M’Cachins. These lands at this point in time were in the hands of John Mor’s sons, Alexander and Angus as John Mor MacDonald had been executed around 1495.

1506: Andrew M’Cachin was the rector of Ardnamurchan (ER., xii, page 709) and Archibald McCachin was a tenant in Colonsay in the same year (ibid); The name also appears as: McCauchquharn 1515; Makcachane 1605; McAchine 1635; MacIkin (in Polloundowie) 1662; M’Eachine 1705; McEchan 1718; M’Kiachan 1724.4

Before 1507, Colin M’Cachin gave the lands of Glenramskillmore to the Church of Killean.

17th September 1507: Page 224: #1549: Apud Edinburgh: Preceptum carte COLINI MAKAUCHERN, in vitali redditu, super duodecim mercatis terrarum subscriptarum, viz., duabus mercatis terrarum de Dounglas, una mercata terrarum de Stron, una mercata terrarum de Glennadull and Wochtrath, una mercata terrarum de Tredonyll, una mercata terrarum de Gartnalarg, una mercata terrarum de Quereffour, una mercata terrarum de Lagnacrag, duabus mercatis terrarum de Auchinleck, et duabus mercatis terrarum de Glenramskillmore, cum suis pertinentiis, omnibus pecuniis, firmis et proficuis earundem, pro omnibus diebus vite sue: TENEND. Sibi pro toto tempore vite sue, cum clausulis carte: Cum mandato camerario de South Kintyre ad persolvendum, et auditoribus scaccarii ad allocandum, etc. Per Signetum, Gratis. Iv. 149.3

Colin M’Cachin was given the office of Chamberlain for South Kintyre. He was also given a grant in life-rent of a 12 merklands including Dounglas, Stron, Glenadull, Wochtrath, Tredonyll, Gartnalarg, Quereffour, Lagnacrag, Auchinleck, Glenramskillmore with a mandate of Chamberlain-ship of South Kintyre.6

These two entries are the same entry, but transcribed by 2 different individuals and at different dates. Notice the spelling of the name; MaKaucheren by one historian and M’Cachin by another.

1508-1513: In the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Volume 13, Colin’s name is mentioned twice and is spelled Colini McCacherin and Colini Makcachane. This volume is in Latin.

30th July 1508: Page 256: #1709. At Edinburgh: A Respite to Patrick Campbell and his servants, Duncan McEwen and Ewan Makcans for the slaughter of deceased Neill Makachyn and Malcolm Makachyn, his brother, and for all crimes that may be imputed to him therefore, and for all other actions, crimes and offenses unto the date hereof, — tiresome, murder and revesing of women except: Providing that they make assistant and amends to the kin and friends of the said deceased Neill and Malcolm within a zere next and immediate following the date of this respite, the quhilk gif thaia do nocht, the said respite to be thinfurth of nane avale nor effect: The said respite to endure for iii zeris nixt tocum, etc. Subscripta per Regem. Gratis comiti de Ergile. Iii. 179.3

This passage has been partially translated. Patrick Campbell murdered Neil and Malcolm Makachyn. Nothing is heard from Neil and Malcolm beyond this point except for perhaps some older documents that were submitted prior to their deaths. They do not appear in 1505 as tenants in the Exchequer Rolls Vol. III. 352 et seq. Probably Malcolm’s son Angus does appear here as a tenant.

17th September 1510: Page 324: #2125. Apud Linlithqw: Legitimatise Malcolm MakAuchern, Andrew McAucherne, John MakAucherne, Donald MakAuchern, Hector MakAucherne and Neill McAucherne, sons of Colin [MakAuchern, v. 1549, supra], in debita forma. Per Signetum. Gratis. Iv.149.3

This was Colin MakAuchern’s attempt to legitimize his 6 sons: Malcolm; Andrew; John; Donald; Hector; Neil. Notice that 2 of his sons were given the first names from the MacDonnell family and 2 sons were given first names from the O’Beolan family. Hector was a name used mainly by the MacLean family. The first name Neil probably came from the Campbell family as it was a prevalent first name within the Campbell family.

If the Privy Council’s entries are to be believed, Neil and Malcolm were murdered before 1508, most probably before 1505, by Patrick Campbell. However, this is the date that the Privy Council heard the claim for legitimization of his children. He probably submitted this claim before 1508 and it took that long to reach the Privy Council.

Why was there a need to ‘legitimize’ his children? First, Colin may have been trying to secure legitimacy for his children so he could heir his property. Second, Colin’s wife was Katherine who, some unsupported sources say, was probably a Campbell. Colin was born, lived and died in Campbeltown. If this was the case, the Catholic Church (who was in control during this period) did not allow such close lineage marriages. In some cases, the Church would legitimize such marriages by papal dispensation in order to legitimize their children. If there were some daughters born to this couple, they never tried to legitimize them.

It is possible that Colin M’Cachin was the prodigy of a hand-fest style marriage of Colin Campbell the 1st Earl of Argyll (who was the son of Archibald Roy) and an unknown Campbell female.

In 1511 King James granted the same lands and office to Malcolm Makaucherne the son of Colin, reserving to the latter the frank-tenement [in historical law, meant a freehold estate] for life.1

These were the same lands as granted in 1499 and 1505. Some of them were Killean, Pennygown, Gartloskin, Ellarg, Auchinleck.

Malcolm was deceased by now, but this grant (which would have been granted by the King long before 1511) would have allowed Colin to transfer his land holdings to Malcolm’s son, Angus.

24th September 1511: Page 351: #2306. Apud Novum Portum; Preceptum carte Malcolm MakAucherne, son of Colin MakAucherne, — super terrarum eight mercatis terrarum of Killean, Pennygown, Gartloskin and Ellarg cum officio [ut in precetpo 368, 1 Ap. 1499, ante], — que fuerunt dicti Colin hereditarie and per eum personaliter in manibus regis resignate: TENEND. Dicto Malcolmoandt heredibus suis of domino rege, etc., cum clausulis carte: FACIENDO jura and servitia, etc., Reservato libero tenemento dicto Colino pro tempore vite sue, etc.: Per signetum. Gratis. Iv 148.3

This entry in the Privy Council’s pages shows Malcolm inheriting posthumously some lands in Kintyre formerly held by his father. Colin was still alive at this time as this grant included a provision that he should be allowed to enjoy these lands for his lifetime. This entry is the same as the previous one – different source.

After 24th September 1511: There is a damaged Celtic cross which lies at Kilkerran Cemetery which commemorates a Colin and his wife Katherine. Inscription on this cross is: HEC EST: CRUX: COLENI: MAC::HEACHYRNA: ET KATIRINE: UXORIS: EIVS.

  1. Under the inscription, the front of this cross has two small panels; in the left panel is what appears to be a pairs of shears. The right panel is blank.
  2. Below the niche containing a man and a woman embracing is a warrior on horseback, with sword, spear, spurs and pointed Helmut.
  3. At the bottom of the shaft is a galley with sails furled, showing the masts and rigging. The hinged rudder characteristic of the West Highland broiling is clearly visible, and there is a shield embossed with a trefoil between the prow and the rigging. Traditionally the adoption of the hinged rudder is attributed to SOMERLED, ancestor of the MacDonald Lord of the Isles who ruled Kintyre and the Western Isles from the 12th century until the last forfeiture in 1505.

This monument puts forth several clues as to who Colin was. The warrior on horseback wearing a sword, spear, spurs and pointed Helmut, suggests that Colin was a gallóglach warrior. The fact that he displayed a galley, with the masts and rigging, with the hinged rudder attributed to Somerled, strongly suggests that Colin was a descendant of Somerled. The Campbell’s are now trying to prove or disprove this through DNA.

The symbolic sculpture of a man and a woman embracing suggests perhaps this was a love union – not a hand-fast type marriage.

This family was a family of blacksmiths who were famous for their ‘sword-smiths’. They were supposedly famous makers of the “Claymore”, an instrument used by the gallóglach.

1515: Ardnamurchan – Page 194: In 1515, there is a mention of ‘the deceased Sir Andrew Makcacherne’.1 This is the only knighted McCutcheon found so far to date.

In 1515: Page 198: Sir Andrew Makcacherne rector of Eilenenan died……….1

30th November 1515: Page 409: #2670. Apud Edinburgh: Presentatio D. Roderici Alexandri, capellani, directa episcopo Lismorensi, ad conferendum collationem eidem super rector of Ellenenan and Kilquhoan in Ardnamurchan, nune vacante per decessum quondam D. Andrew MakCacherne ultimi rectoris and possessoris ejusdem, ad presentationem regis and suitutoris ac collationem ordinariam dicti episcopi pleno jure spectante, etc. Per Signaturam [etc., ut supra]. Xs, solute rectori de Newlandis. V. 30.3

Roderick Alexander was given the rectory of Ellenenan and Kilquhoan in Ardnamurchan upon the death of Andrew MacCacherne.

1525 the second son of Colin Makcachan, Andrew, inherited the lands formerly held by Malcolm and Colin.2

This is possibly a transcription error. This was not true. It was Angus, Son of the deceased Malcolm, who next inherited the lands of Kintyre et al. The exact death of Colin is not known. This is inconsistent historical documentation. Andrew was dead by 1515. This is a different source and notice the different spelling of the last name.

18th June 1526: Edinburgh; Privy Council of Scotland pages 510, 511 and 512: # 3386: James MakCoachen was one of 265 men called before the council to answer for the treasonable murder of three men and for intercommunications of rebels. This entry, in Latin, was too lengthy to post here. This is the first mention of a McCutcheon being a rebel.

In 1540: John M’Gauchane was burgess of Edinburgh.

25th June 1541: Leases (of 3 years in duration) in North Kintyre were assigned to holdings as follows:

  1. Tawis [Tavish] McCauchane – Corputichan [parish of Kilchenzie] for 4 merks;
  2. Aichane McCauchane – Cleongart [parish of Kilchenzie] for 4 merks; this was probably Hector McCutcheon;
  3. Gilcallum Ouir McCauchane – Margmonagach [parish of Kilkenzie] for 4 merks; this could be Archibald the younger McCutcheon. Perhaps he was the son of the Gillespie McEachran in 1499 aforementioned.
  4. Angus McKane McCruoquhen – Auchinra for 2 merks.6 This is a sample of the Gaelic practise of naming a son. This could be translated as Angus son of Cain grandson of McCutcheon.

26th June 1541: Leases (of 3 years in duration) in South Kintyre were assigned to holdings as follows:

  1. John Roy McCaucharene acted as surety for Donald McIlcallum McIlschannoch [this is another onomastic practice of naming a son] on the holdings of Pubill and Intergy for 5 Shillings, 10 penny. [A surety is a person or business with ample resources that promises to pay for goods or services in the case that a customer cannot pay. Sureties usually issue surety bonds, which are promises on paper to pay a specified amount within a specified amount of time.]
  2. Angus McAuchane – holdings of Wagill, Auchiquort, Kilbride, Kynnachane, Auchneslessen, Ochtorone – for 8 ½ merks. Memorandum that the merklands of Auchneslessen set of before to the said Angus McAuchane is of new set to Donald McAuchane, etc. (Rent specified);
  3. John Roy McAuchin – holdings of Knokriochmore, Arnaskanch, Alshodewe for 4 merks;
  4. Neil McAuchlane – for the holding of Kinloch for 10 merks and George Lang for 2 merks and Gillespie McAuchane for 1 merk;
  5. John Roy McCauchan was the surety for Gilnav Marcus for the holding of Keranemore for 20 shillings;
  6. In minibus McCauchquhin ‘alledgit for his fie’ for the holdings of Killean, Pennygown, Gartloskin, Elrig, Auchachoirk for 8 merks;
  7. Gillanderis McCauchane for the holdings of Auchinleck, Lagnacrag, Quereffour, Keremannoch, Tredonyll, Dounglas, Glenramskillmore, Stron, Glenadull for a total of 12 merks. This was probably Archibald McCutcheon;
  8. Killean is shown as given free to McEachran for his fee as Mair or Crowner and rent is not specified.6 This was Colin.

It is interesting to note here that in 1499 Colin inherited many of the lands that were previously in the hands of the McDonalds. They were Dounglas, Stron, Glenadull, Woctrath, Tredonyll, Gartnalag, Quereffour, Lagnacrag, Auchinleck, and Glenramskillmore. 42 years later, these same lands were in the hands of his grandchildren.

In 1543: William Reoch M’Aychin [Reoch in Gaelic is ‘riabhach’ which is a nickname for “one with grey hair”] gave his bond of man-rent to the Earl of Huntlie; (SVM, IV, page 260)4.

In the year 1545 a charter for all of the Crown Lands in Kintyre was given to James McConnill of Dunnyveg and the Glens. All these lands were incorporated in a free Barony to be called the Barony of Bar in North Kintyre.

In 1552 Queen Mary granted to James M’Connill of Dunnyveg and the Glens the non-entry and other dues of the four merklands Kyleyland, the two merks of Gartloskan and the two merks of Ellarg, in south Kintyre, which had been in the Queen’s hands since the since the decease of Angus M’Cacharne, the son of the deceased Malcolm M’Cacharne.1

These lands were finally held in by Angus M’Cacharne. Why did Queen Mary deed them to James M’Connell instead of Angus’ first born son? Probably Angus left no male heirs. Consequently these lands passed out of the hands of the McAuchins ending this dynasty.

There was shift around this time how the ownership of these properties were handled. By now, most of the large holdings in South Kintyre that belonged formerly to John Roy M’Cachin were granted to the Campbells. They in turn leased out the large holdings in smaller parcels to the tack-men who sub-divided them and leased out smaller plots to individual tenants as will be seen in the Kintyre Rental lists.

In 1554 the same lands formerly belonging to John Roy McAuchin, were appraised and afterwards granted to James MakConnell of Dunnyveg and the Glens [this was James MacDonnell, brother to Sorley Boy MacDonnell], for a certain sum of money, including the sum of eighty-two merks as the fee of William Hardy, Unicorn Herald, the appraiser.”1

1565: Alexander McÙisdean landed in Ballycastle, County Antrim, Northern Ireland in 1565. Ballycastle has views to the Mull of Kintyre from its beaches.

1st November 1596: From the records of Sir William Stewart of Houston:

  1. Lands of North Kintyre:
    a. Archibald Makgechane occupier of two merklands of the four merklands of Cleongart and the rest is waste.
    b. John MakCrewchie occupier of the merklands of Garvald; this surname doesn’t fit any other name so I have inserted it here;
  2. Lands of South Kintyre:
    a. Gilleis M’Cochennan occupier of one merkland of the two merklands of Macharebeg, and other waste. The root of the name McCochennan is the Gaelic ‘Sean’ meaning old or wise. This family were harpers to Clan Donald in Kintyre and were given these merklands rent free for their services as harpers. In later centuries this branch anglicized their surname to ‘Shannon’. Shannon is a subset name of McCutcheon15
    b. Johne M’Gacharne occupier of other xxs lands thereof.
    c. Johne Makgacharne occupier of the aucht merklands of Killean Pennygown, Gartloskan, Ellarg and Arynaskawach. NOTE: these are the exact same holdings as aforementioned mentioned under 1499.
    d. The said John M’Gacharne occupier of two merklands of the tuell merklands of Auchinleck, Lagnacrag, Quereffour, Barmolloch, Tredonyll, Dounglas, Glenramskillmore, Stron and Gillenzadule.6

From about the beginning of the 17th century, this family had grown hugely and the M’Hutcheon name in various forms begin to appear in other places in the Highlands of Scotland such as Fertour, Blackrow, Luss, Torredon, Bonhill, Dumbarton, Inverness. In some of the sources quoted, the writer says that he has modernized some of the names for the sake of the reader.

1600: Murdow McHuchone was involved in the attack on the galley of the laird of Balcomie, one of the Fife Adventurers. Balcomie was one of 12 Scottish Lowlander colonists whom King James VI awarded land on the Isle of Lewis [MacLeod territory]. King James’ idea was to begin the civilization or de-Gaelicisation of the highlanders very similar to his Plantation project in Ulster. James issued a creed to the Fife adventures to use ‘slauchter, mutilation, fyre-raising, or utheris inconvenieties’. However, this failed and Skye stayed in the hands of the Highlanders – Kenneth MacKenzie of Kintail.

On the 22nd of July 1602, a complaint was made to the Privy Council at the instance of the relicts, bairns and other kin of the deceased, John Oig McAngus McKechin, [another example of the Gaelic practises for naming a son – this time he would be John the younger son of Angus grandson of McCutcheon] John McEandecheir, Rory Roy McChoring, Donald McConnill Doy, Donald Roy McEane Vc Achane [another example of the Gaelic practises for naming a son – this time he would be Donald the Red son of John grandson of Hector], Donald McConnill VcConill Doy, and McWeill Donich Forcar; involving 37 McDonalds – all from the Laird of Glengarry.

All the said Laird of Glengarry’s men, accompanied by a “grit nowmer of broken and disorderit Hielandmen”, armed, etc., came in the month of November previously to the lands of Torredon, where the said John Oig McAngus McKechin, Donald Roy McEane Vc Achane, John McEandecheir and others were within their own houses taking their night’s rest, burnt the houses and slaughtered the inmates. Their act was apparently approved by the Laird of Glengarry. A copy of the charge was given to the defenders and to Donald McEanair VcAllen to answer, and now, as they had not appeared, an order was given by the Privy Council to denounce them.

From some old records of the Privy Council of Scotland the above detail was found that has been ignored by the authors of ‘Clan Donald’. In November of 1601, a band of MacDonalds came to Torredon on the West Coast of Scotland and murdered 7 men, including John Og McAngus McKechin and Donald Roy McEane Vc Achane (more spelling variations for McCutcheon). McEandecheir may be McEachean.

3rd September 1605: From the Record of the court of David Murray, Lord Scone:

  1. Lands of North Kintyre:
    a. Duncane Reache M’Cauchane occupier of the holding of Corputichan, [parish of Kilchenzie] iii merklands.
    b. Gillespie M’Couchane occupier of the holding of Margmonagach, [parish of Kilchenzie] iii merklands.
  2. Lands of South Kintyre: (now the name appears with an ‘r’ inserted):
    a. Johne M’Kecherane occupier of the holding of Lochordill.
    b. Charlis M’Kerchane occupier of the holding of Glenmugill.
    c. Andro M’Kechrane occupier of the holding of Auchaquhonye.
    d. John M’Kecharne occupier of the holding of Gartloskan.
    e. Johne M’Eachrane occupier of the holding of the holding of Killean and Pennygown;
    f. John M’Kechrane occupier of the holding of Ellarg and Arynaskawach.
    g. John M’Kecherane occupier of the holding of Auchnaglach, Quereffour, wasteland of Lagnacrag.
    h. Charlis M’Caichrane occupier of the holdings of Killequhattane, Dalnauchlesk, Crislauch and some wastelands.
  3.  On a separate page is a list of 21names of which 6 are:
    a. Johne M’Kechran of Largie;
    b. Anguse M’Kechran in Croshall;
    c. Gillespie M’Kerchan in Margmonagach, [parish of Kilchenzie];
    d. Duncan M’Kechren in Corputichan, [parish of Kilchenzie];
    e. Andro M’Kechran – one of the witnesses.6

1605: Charles M’Caichrane held lands in Kintyre, 1605 (HP., III, p. 84). This is another source reiterating the same as the data above.

15th April 1605: John M’Hutchesone on the Isle of Inch Murrin [an island in the middle of Loch Lomond], parish of Luss. Margaret Buchanan was the spouse of John M’Hutchesone . 11

27th July 1609: Acts and Decrees of the Lords of Council (Vol. 245 Fol. 216) lists 52 tenants for which Archibald the 7th Earl of Argyll was given a Decree of Removal against the Kintyre Tenants. This does not mean that they were evicted – just that he could legally do so if he wanted to.

  1. Archibald McEachin of Margmonagach and Cleongart both of the [parish of Kilkchnzie];
  2. McVeachin of Auchtadowie;
  3. Gillandrist McEachran of Killean and Pennygown, Ellarg and Arynaskawach;
  4. Johne McEachin of Drumamabanbvell and Lossett;
  5. Johne McEachine of Attowie and Corputichan, [parish of Kilchenzie].6

26th May 1610: Gilbert M’Hutcheoun in Tarisfassok in the parish of Daylie.11

13th September 1616: Donald M’Hutcheoun of Ferdingreoch in the parish of Daylie. 11

2nd June 1618: John M’Hutcheoun in Battriche in the Parish of Kilmarnock.11

1619: Lists of Kintyre Tenants, Holdings and Rents; Acts and Decrees of the Lord of Council (Vol. 330. Fol.79). There are 62 tenants listed of which 8 (13%) have the surname of McCutcheon or derivative thereof;

  1. Johne Og McAchorne of Lagnacrag. Rent of 80.0.0; John the younger McCutcheon – possibly a son to John Roy following;
  2. Angus McAcherne of Kilcuibnache. Rent of 50.0.0;
  3. John Roy McAcherne of Knokreachbeg and Arnstomnache. Rent of 110.0.0;
  4. Charles McAchine of Ballewilling. No rent given;
  5. Andre McAcherene of the Mill of Killewnan. Rent of 30 bolls meal;
  6. Andro McAcherne of the Teinds of the Bishop’s quarters of Kilkerran. Rent of

19th July 1619: Janet M’Kachane spouse to Michael M’Clintocke in Mylnetown in the parish of Kilmarnock.11

31st August 1619: John M’Kechane in Balglas in the parish of Killean.11

28th May 1622: Katherine M’Gachane spouse of Patrick Brown in Bogorroch, in the parish of Cumnock.11

22nd March 1631: Gilbert M’Hutcheoun in Schalloch, parish of Daylie.11

2nd August 1631: Gilbert M’Quistein in Glaik in the parish of Ballantrae.11

30th August 1634: John M’Eachin in Kinnerres, in Inverness. 11

6th November 1634: John M’Hutcheoun in Ferdenereoche in the parish of Daylie and his wife, Beatrix Wilson.11

1636: Lists of Kintyre Tenants (Copied by A.I.S Stewart of Campbeltown, 1953). A note of interest about this list is that it gives the cattle and horse population as well (which I will not list here). This list is also different than any of the previous lists in that it is listed by property (118 of them) rather than by name and most of the properties have multiple tenants.

The surname McQuesten appears, in variant form, but with the same first names such as Neil, Duncan, Angus, etc. suggesting that these are one and the same individuals or brothers:

  1. Lands of North Kintyre:
    a. Allester McAchane of Kilmalouag; Alexander McCutcheon;
    b. Ard McAchane of Barmonegache;
    c. Duncan McGueisten also of Barmonegache;
    d. Neil McQueisten of Corputichan, [parish of Kilchenzie].
  2. Lands of South Kintyre:
    a. John Roy McAcharne of Knochstaplebeg and Auchinsavill [parish of Kilcalmonell];
    b. Acharne McAcharne of Knochstaplebeg and Auchinsavill;
    c. Angus McAcharne of Knochstaplebeg and Auchinsavill;
    d. Gillicallim McAcharne of Knochstaplebeg and Auchinsavill;
    e. Dod McQuisten of Glennadillichtrache;
    f. Ever McGachine of Mukloche;
    g. Eacharne McAcharne of Sokharvie;
    h. Angus McAcharne of Lagnacraig;
    i. Gillespie McAcharne of Kerrfeour;
    j. Angus Buy McKeicher of Egill and Ochterane; Angus of the yellow hair McCutcheon;
    k. Andro McArcharne of Kilblaan.6

1636: Kintyre Rental recording names of occupiers of land. This list show who the occupiers of the land were before the Lowland influx of 1650-1651. It also shows the tenants who had written tacks (leases). This seems to be a grant of new leases in the new Earl of Argyll’s name to the same lessees;

  1. Hector McEachane possessor thereof delivers his tack;
  2. Johne Roy McEacharne comes present and actis to produce his tack;
  3. Charles McEachine talisman thereof.6

Before 1642: The first Protestant minister of Barvas (formerly Ness and Cladich) of whom there is any record is Murdoch McHuiston or McHoustoun who was inducted on or before 1642. 12

1647: Massacre at Dunaverty Castle. Also during at this time, contemporary records record the devastation and damage done to Kintyre. It was raided from end to end, houses burnt down, inhabitants slain, crops destroyed and cattle driven off. Sometime between 1640 and 1648, right around this time, some McCutcheons made an exit from Campbeltown, Kintyre across the northern tip of the Irish Sea and into County Down, Northern Ireland. The family were listed as being one of the pioneering families of County Down, Northern Ireland in 1648.

Circa 1650: Katherine McHutcheon recorded as living in Inverness and married to David Litch. They had 5 sons and 4 daughters. Whether the last name was actually spelled this way or if this is the transcriber’s version is not known. Their children: James (1680); James (1682); Agnes (1684); Janet (1689); David (1697); Elizabeth (1698).

Circa 1650: Robert McHutcheon recorded as living in Bonhill, West Dunbartonshire and he married Katherine Donald about 1683. Their children were: Christian (1684); Joan (1685); Janet (1686); Margaret (1689); Robert (1690); John (1684); Grizzall (1700).

1653: List of Kintyre Tenants listed by Parish. Transcribed by A.I.B. Stewart, Campbeltown, 1953:

  1. Kilblaan Parish – John McGugan – officer:
    a. Barbara McEcharne one of the tenants of the holding of Kildavie;
    b. John McEcharne of Eridill and Lonocgan;
    c. Eachan McEacharne of Gartnacorrach.
  2. Killchivan Parish – Neill McBrion – officer;
    a. Neil McEcharne of Killeolan Myne,
  3. Kilkerran Parish – Maurice McHenrik – officer;
    a. John Roy McEchrane of Arynaskawach.*******last mention
  4. Kilchenzie Parish – Adam McTomustone – officer of the bar;
    a. Alexander McEchan and Donald McQuhistan, both of Barmonagach.6

It is interesting to note here that for the first time, a McCutcheon and a McQuesten are residing together on the same piece of land.

1662: Hugh MacHutcheon acquired lands in Ayrshire in 1662. The records of Ayrshire report Hew McHutcheon being fined a total of £360 in 1662.

1665: Hugh M’Hutcheon recorded as living in Blackrow, Scotland. James M’Hutcheon recorded as living in Fertour, Scotland. 9

3rd April 1666: Also there was a Janet M’Quistein, spouse to Andrew M’Caw in Dowpein in the parish of Ballantrae on the 3rd April 1666. 11

1666 – 1669: Kintyre Tacks (leases). These tacks are mainly for 19 years although a few are shown as 9, 12, 13, 15 and 21 years.

A curious entry is the ‘tack of the Assyse herrings’ given to John Yule. An Assyse is an older form of excise. In the older days, the King of Scotland took a portion of all herring catches. This tack was farmed out to John Yule and it is apparent that Campbeltown had a fishing industry in 1668.

By 1685, it was still going strong; among the claimants for damages incurred during the Raid of Athol were John and Donald McHutcheon who appear to be among the most important of those involved in the fishing industry. They made a claim for a large boat with gear, including a ‘compass square’ valued at £233-13-4 and for ’24 nets with all ye furniture’ valued at £80. This was right at the same period when the Argyll inquisitions were being carried out and some of the inhabitants of Campbeltown were listed either as rebels or banished. It appears that both John and Donald were listed as rebels and banished.

1666 – List of Kintyre Tacks –  76 in total of which 5 were:

  1. Colin McEachran for Barmolloch;
  2. Duncan McKeachine for Killocra;
  3. Duncan McEachin for Killocra; [this seems to be a duplicate];
  4. Allister Bane and his son Charles McEachine for Corputichan, [parish of Kilchenzie]; this was Alexander White and his son Charles McCutcheon;
  5. Colin McEcharne of Ballinatone.6

1670: Charles McEachin (tack-man) in Killocra and Putichantuigh [parish of Killean].6

1672: Alexander Dunbar (tack-man) in Campbeltown. Lease written by Thomas Bruce in Campbeltown. Dunbar leases one of his tenements to Robert McHutcheon. This was a house in Campbeltown. 6

1673: Luss, Dumbartonshire, Scotland: John (Donald?) McHutcheon born circa 1673 married Elizabeth Colquhoun (born circa 1677) on the 31st December 1698. Two of their children were John (born 10th March 1700) and Robert (born 16th February 1701). They also had a daughter – born on the 9th April 1704. 9

13th March 1676 in Campbeltoun, in the parish of Kilkerran, Agnes Campbell spouse of Robert M’Hutcheon.

Robert McHutcheon was married to Agnes Campbell and he rented a house in Campbeltown from a man by the name of Dunbar. Their oldest son was John McHutcheon who later inherited this house.

1677: Grey Abbey Graveyard, County Down: From the gravestone inscriptions of Grey Abbey graveyard: Hugh McCutchen born 1677, died 16th March 1746 at the age of 69 years. 17 Was Hugh a son of Robert M’Hutcheon and Agnes Campbell of Campbeltown or was Hugh a son to one of Robert’s brothers who immigrated to County Down?

1678: Earl of Argyle’s Kintyre Rental of 1678 mentioned by Parish:

  1. Parishes of South Kintyre:
    a. Kilblaan Parish:
    i. McEchrine for 19 years after 1671 for Gartnacorrach, Lonachan and Glennahervie;
    ii. McEcherin pays off duty for Ellarg and Gartloskin.
    b. Kilkerran Parish;
    i. Robert McEcherine – the other merklands of Wigill or Garvachie; This is the first mention of a male first name Robert with the spelling of the last name as McEcherine.
    ii. Colin McEchrine the merklands of Ballinatone for 19 years after Whit. 1674;
    iii. The ½ merkland of Ellandawarr parked by my Lords Direction except that part thereof which Gilchrist McEachrine possesses and is deduced to him for keeping the park;
    iv. The five merklands of Killean, Pennygown, and Glenramskillbeg fewed to McEachrine and pays 066.13.4.
  2. Parishes of North Kintyre:

             a. Killean Parish;
i. The four merklands of Putichantuigh set to Charles McEachrine for the said space pays 186.13.4. Charles McEachine of Tangy was Lord Lorne’s factor for the Skeirchanyie lands in 1633-1636. More information is required about this family.
b. Skeirchanyie Parish;
i. The merklands of Killocra set to Charles McEachrine for 21 years after Whitsund. 1669 pays 186.13.4;
ii. The merk 6sh 8d land of Kilwolrow Tangyistaul Laggalgarvie and Cartgrunmell as set to Charles McEachrine under revision of 3000 merks and pays yearly 213.6.85;
iii. Charles McEachrine has the rights to the teinds of ¾ of the said parish which is charged be itself.

    3.  Campbeltown Houses Charge:
a. Rests of Robert McHutcheon for his house and yard of poultry 6 – of eggs 2 dozen.

1681: From a copy of the rent rolls of Comber, County Down, Ireland for the year 1684 is this record as found on Proni: Ballyrickard Robert Houston and James McCutchin hold 64 acres two minits of leases for 31 yeares from Allsaints 1681.

1684: This year in Scotland is known as the start of “the Killing Times”.

1685: Kintyre Rentals: page 125: list of inhabitants of Campbeltown in 1685 about the time the inquisitions were being held in Campbeltown after Argyll’s rebellion. The ‘R’ after the name stands for ‘rebel and the ‘B’ after the name stands for ‘banished’:

  1. Neill McLavreine and his man Johne McHutchson ‘R’ ‘B’;
  2. John McCakrine;
  3. Donald McHutchaone, out of the country ‘R’ ‘B’. 6

At the time of the Monmouth rebellion against James VII in 1685, Archibald Campbell, Earl of Argyll, was General of the forces which invaded Scotland in support of the rebellion. An invasion of Scotland was decided upon but the plan was discovered. Campbell ended up sailing to the Sound of Mull and he and his men then went to Kintyre. He began his attempt to overthrow the government of King James II in Kintyre. His three ships, the Anna, Sophia and David dropped anchor at Loch Kilkerran in the morning of the 20th May 1685.

It was here that he tried to muster a small army of men amongst the clansmen of the area. This might explain the designation of Rebel or Banished for some of Campbeltown’s inhabitants. In the list of rentals, some men were also listed as executed and 2 were banished to Saltcoats.

None of the old McDonald vassals of Kintyre joined Argyll. Here is a letter to MacAllaster of Loup, dated at:

Campbeltown, May 22nd 1685:

Loving Friend;
It hath pleased God to bring me safe to this place, where several of both nations doth appear with me for the defense of the Protestant religion, our lives and liberties, against Popery and Arbitrary Government, whereof the particulars are in two declarations emitted by those noble-men, gentlemen and others and by me for myself. Your father and I lived in great friendship, and I am glad to serve you his son in the Protestant Religion, and I will be ready to do it in your particular when there is occasion. I beseech you not let any out of fear or other bad principles persuade you to neglect your duty to God and your Country at this time, or believe that D. York is not a Papist, or that being one, he can be a righteous King. They know that all England is in Arms in three several places and the Duke of Monmouth appears at the same time upon the same grounds as we do, and few places in Scotland but soon will joyn and the South and West waits but till they hear I am landed, for so we resolved before I left Holland. Now I beseech you make no delay to separate from those [who] abuse you, and are carrying on a Popish design, and come with all the men of your command to assist the Cause of Religion, where you shall be most welcome to.
Your Loving Friend to serve you,
P.S. Let this serve Young Lorgie, Skipnage and Charles McEchan. (Charles McEchan was the Earl’s – who was a McDonald – vassal for his lands of Tangy).

Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll, was captured at Kilpatrick about the 19th of June 1685 and executed on the 30th of June on the maiden in Edinburgh.

A list of rebels on mainland Argyll was compiled at the Inveraray Court House in the fall of 1685. Many men between the ages of 16 and 30 were banished to the plantations. In total 177 men were banished at that time to the American colonies.

After Argyll left, robberies from May to September began to happen to the residents of Kintyre. Among those robbed were John and Donald McHutcheon in Campbeltown. They reported the loss of fishing gear taken by Donald McDonald, uncle to the Laird of Largie. This included a large boat with sails, masts, cables and a compass square valued at £266, 13s. 4d., nets valued at £80, fishing lines and household plenishing which included clothing, a saltfat or beeftub, a large looking glass and a brazen candlestick. They were also pillaged by Walter Lamont, a waiter or customs officer, who took from them riding coats and a box full of papers and accounts, and by Donald MacNeil of Gallachalyie, who took a feathery bolster, the pawn of a curtain, and – a much more unmanageable piece of loot if they contained their inhabitants – two bee scapes.

Thomas Wilson of Smerby had two bolls and two firlots of meal taken by Colin McEachran of Kilellan. 15

1688-1778: BRISON: Templepatrick Graveyard, County Down. It is located in the Townland of Miller Hill in the parish of Donaghadee; page 74; [115. The name Hugh McCutchon has been added to the top.] Here lyeth the body of Esther Herron wife to Andrew Brison who departed this life January ye 24th 1770 aged 70 years. Also the body of Esther Brison his daughter who departed this life September ye 14th 1766 aged 30 years. Here lyeth the body of Andrew Brison late of Killachey. He was Elder 40 years in Donaghadee Session who died August ye 14th 1778 Aged 90 years. 17

1691: Kintyre Tenants (transcribed by A.I.B. Stewart, Campbeltown, 1953):

  1. Houses in Campbeltown:
    a. John Hutcheson in Campbeltown formerly possessed by his father Robert Hutcheson. This was Robert M’Hutcheon aforementioned.6

This John was probably Robert McHutcheon’s eldest son, who by virtue of their traditional habits inherited all of his father’s possessions, including land holdings, etc.

1691-1743: Grey Abbey Graveyard, County Down: John McCutchan– Here lyeth the body of John McCutchan of Ballyeury who departed this life July ye 13th 1743 aged 52 years. Also his wife Agnes McCully who died May ye 23rd 1760 aged 75 years. Also his son John McCutchan who departed this life September 13th 1741 aged 15 years. Also, Agnes, wife of Joseph McGowan, who died 28th May 1910 aged 50 years. Joseph McGowan, Killaughey. Hugh Bailie of Ballybrain. (Page 53). 17

1693: The registers of St Columb’s Church of Ireland in the Parish of Templemore, County of Londonderry survive almost intact from 1642. They are amongst the earliest of works that have survived in Ireland. They are published in the book called “The Maiden City; the Inhabitants of the City Derry before the Siege” by Bob Forrest 2005. There is an entry in this book: “Symon Broster was parish clerk and schoolmaster; David Stenson and William Broster churchwardens 1692-1693; Symon Broster (substitute of Thomas Cochran) and James Thompson 1693-1694; James Sprewell and John McCutcheon Inquisitors (Vestry Book).” An Inquisitor was a title given to individuals who had judicial or investigative functions intending to eliminate anything contrary to the teachings of the church.

1693: Kintyre Tenants;

  1. Eachran McEachran (tack-man) in Ballinatone and Donald McEacharn, his son as a cautioner.
  2. John McEachrane (tack-man) in Upper Gartloskin. Witness is Neil McEachrane of Killean.6
    20 October 1693: Assignation by John Ferguson in Chapelelarroch, late servitor to the deceased William, Earl of Menteith, and Marie Buchanan, relict of the deceased John McCurtoune [?McCutcheon], late gardener to the said Earl, in favour of Robert Bunting, younger of Ardoch, of the sum of money specified, contained in a Disposition and Assignation by the said Earl to Sir John Graham of Gartmore, dated 20 October 1693. 10

22nd February 1694: The Kintyre Hearth Tax – 955 individuals were levied with this tax:

  1.  Machrireoch – Ard. And Neill McEacherne – 2;
  2. Eredell – Donald McEacherne – 1;
  3. Glenmucklach – John McEacharn – 1;
  4. Glenmucklach – Angus McEacharn – 1;
  5. Campbeltown – John McHuchone – 1;
  6. Campbeltown – Donald McHuchon – 1;
  7. Nether – Blary – Donald McEachin – 1;
  8. Putichantuigh – John McEachin – 1;
  9. Putichantuigh – Neill McEachin – 1;
  10. Tanqitavill and Lagalgarb – Duncan McEachin – 1;
  11. Tangy – Malcolm McEachin – 1;
  12. Auchachoirk – Eacharn McEacharn – 1; Hector;
  13. Darlachlan – Hector McEachin – 1;
  14. Killipoll – Donald McQuisten – 1;
  15. Gartgrelan – Eacharn McEacharn – 1; Hector;
  16. Ballinatoun – Eacharne McEacharn – 1; Hector;
  17. Ballinatoun – Gillandrist McEacharn – 1;
  18. Glenramskillmore – R[ober]t McEacharn – 1;
  19. Knockriochmoir – John McEacharn – 1;
  20. Killean – Colin McEacharn – 1.
  21. Kilmichael – John Dow McEachan – 1;
  22. Breintian – Duncan McEachan – 1;
  23. Ronachan – Donald McEchin – 1;
  24. Loup – Ard McEchin – 1.7

30th April 1694 – M’Eachin, Neill in Putichantuigh, parish of Killean, d. Feb. 1693; Margaret N’Bridon his relict; Alexander and Donald his children.

6th August 1694: Francis Hutcheson was born to a Scottish Presbyterian family in County Down. He went on to become one of the founding fathers of the intellectual revolution that came to be known as the ‘Scottish Enlightenment’. Hutcheson took the view that people are born with an innate understanding of good and evil that guide their actions and moral judgements.

1706-1770: Grey Abbey Graveyard, County Down: McCutchen – Here lyeth the body of Robert McCutchen who departed this life April ye 17 1758 aged 19 years. Also here lieth the body of Hugh McCutchen who departed this life February ye 22 1770 aged 64 years. (Page 54). 17

1707: In Auchintullich, Luss, Dumbarton, Scotland: Donald McHutcheon was born in 1703 and married to Marion Campbell (b. 1707) on the 9th January 1728. Their children were: Walter McHutcheon born on the 5th September 1731; Patrick McHutcheon born on the 29th December 1732; Agnes McHutcheon born in August 1734 and Helen McHutcheon who was born on the 17th May 1740.

1709-1710: Kintyre Tenants (transcribed by A.I.B. Stewart, Campbeltown, 1953). These leases are all for 19 years;

  1. Parish of Kilcalmonell:
    a. 11th May 1709 – John McEacharn – merchant in Campbeltown.
  2. Parsih of Kilblaan;
    a. 11th October 1709 – Eachran McEachran lost Machirioch to Iver McCallum.
    b. 13th October 1709 – – Eachran McEachran in Sockoch, Angus Cam [of the crooked mouth] McEachran and John McEachran merchant in Campbeltown – 18 years.
  3. Parish of Kilkerran:
    a. John McEacharn in Campbeltown – 11th May 1709.
    b. Donald McEachran in Ballinatoun – 14th October 1709.
    c. Colin McEacharn of Killean – 10th November 1709.
  4. Parish of Kilchenzie:
    a. James McEachin son to John McEachin sometime in Ballaganon – 12th October 1709.6

1712-1719: John McEacharn of Carskey was “my” Man.

10th May 1713: From Proni, is this record: Right Honorable Randal, Earl of Antrim to Hugh McCutcheon, Ballymoney, County Antrim. Counterpart lease for 31 years of a tenement, frontage 20 feet, Largy Street and 2A 1R 30P, Ballymoney, County Antrim. Rent £1.14.0. Receiver’s Fees 6d per pound. Office Fees 3d. 5/= in lieu of a Heriot. Distrain and Distress. Courts Leet and Baron. Covenants re grinding corn. House to be built of stone and lime, wall fourteen feet high. Chimney to be built of the same or brick. Timber to be of oak or fir, flooring of same. If not built in two years’ time double rent to be paid. Premises to be kept in good repair. Quiet and peaceable possession to be given up at end of term.

2 March 1716: baptised, William MacHutcheon born to William MacHucheon & Elspet Hay in Inverness, Scotland.

1716-1756: CRRE –Grey Abbey Graveyard, County Down: [At the top has been added later “S. McCutcheon”]. Here lieth the body of Samuel CRRE who departed this life March 25 1756 aged 40 years. (Page 26). 17

  Samuel McCutcheon 1756 Grey Abbey church yard

Pictures of Samuel McCutcheon’s headstone was taken at the Grey Abbey Church Graveyard, County Down, Ireland in the summer of 2014 by Debbie Powell. Debbie is the Great Great Grand-daughter of Isabella McCutcheon who was the daughter of Samuel Donald McCutcheon (1849-1929). Samuel Donald’s story begins as B: Chapter 11. This illustration clearly establishes the correct spelling of the name by the early 18th century.

1719: Barrington, New Hampshire, USA: An alphabetical list of about 250 immigrants to New England in a book by Ethel Stanwood Bolton, page 128, states: Phaedris McCutcheon of Barrington; from Londonderry, Ireland circa 1719; m. Judith; child Phaedris. Phaedris Frederick McCutcheon Junior was born in 1751 in Barrington. 18 This is the first documentation of a McCutcheon on North American soil. Phaedris Junior and his sister were orphaned and were raised by an uncle. There is also mention of a John McCutcheon who arrived with Phaedris Senior at the same time. It is thought this John may have been the uncle who raised both children.

1720: John McCutcheon (1700-1755), a Scottish immigrant, arrived from Glasgow, Scotland, to Donegal, Pennsylvania about 1720. Their Scottish origin at this time is not known. I have them embarking from Glasgow (Greenock) to the new world – not hailing from it. Sea-faring ships could go no further up the River Clyde to Glasgow, so it is probable that they departed from Greenock for the new world. John was married to Dorothy Sproule. It is possible that he also arrived with a brother, Samuel (1715-1798). Samuel was married to Frances Jeanette Noble. By 1730, John and his five sons had arrived in the Shenandoah Valley of Augusta County, Virginia. His five sons, Robert, James, John, Samuel and William were the progenitors of most of the McCutcheons in the United States. This line was the ancestor of “Big Bill” McCutcheon of the doomed Donner Party mentioned in Chapter 16. This line of McCutcheons is the largest line in existence today on the North American continent. Their ancestors now number well into triple digits.

1723, 4th March: Thomas Beatty in this & Mary McQuestion in the Congregation of Lisburn after orderly proclamation was married by Mr. Boydd at Portpatrick in Scotland. 20

1729, July 29th: Barrington, New Hampshire: There is a deed dated this date to a “Jonathon or John McCutcheon [called] Three mile streek”. This was a strip (streek) of land about two miles wide that ran from Dover through Barrington. 19 This was possibly Phaedris Seniors’ brother.

From land transfer deeds beginning on the 11th May 1747, 3rd July 1754, 5th October 1754, 28th September 1761 and lastly the 2nd of July 1761, Phaedris and/or his wife Judith, began selling pieces of this land to several different parties. Phaedris and his wife died in 1768 of ‘spotted fever’ which was probably a diphtheria epidemic, leaving their only two surviving children (Phaedris Frederick and a sister) orphans. In the book “McCutcheon [Cutcheon] Family Records” the author says there “is an interesting account of the early trials of Phaedris Frederick McCutcheon Junior, to obtain an education when left without parents and only one sister, in the care of an uncle…..” suggests that perhaps his father did not come from Londonderry alone but came with some of his own family. 19

1723-1780: Taylor: Templepatrick Graveyard, County Down; page 119; [115. The name Hugh McCutchon has been added to the top.] Here lyeth the body of John Taylor late of Donaghadee who departed this life February ye 12th Anno Domini 1780 aged 57 years. Also his wife Jennet Bryson who departed this life January 19 1911. AE 88. 17

Circa 1725 Donald McHutchaone and Johne McHutchson are mentioned in the Kintyre Rentals.

1725-1800: Grey Abbey Graveyard, County Down: McCutchen – here lieth the body of John McCutchen of Sloanstown (County Down, Northern Ireland) who departed this life February 22 1800 aged 75 years. (Page 54). 17

2nd September 1738: From Proni: Right Honorable Alexander, Earl of Antrim to Adam McCutcheon, merchant, Ballymoney, County Antrim. Lease for 3 lives of a tenement and garden, 25 feet in front, Main Street or Market Street, Ballymoney, County Antrim. Consideration 5/=. Rent £1.5.0. Receiver’s Fees 6d per pound. Office Fees 3d. Courts Leet and Baron. Covenant re grinding corn and grain. Distrain and Distress. Build within five years, one good house of brick and lime or stone and lime, the roof with good oak or fir timber. House to be 25 feet in front, 22 feet in depth, and 16 feet high in the side wall or pay 20/= yearly until built. Premises to be kept in good repair. Not to be sold without consent in writing or pay an additional yearly rent of 10/=. Fine for renewal of life half years rent. Agents Fee for renewal 11/6.

1745: following the Rebellion of 1745, in 1746 John M’Huitcheon was made prisoner in Inverness for his support of Bonnie Prince Charlie. The McCutcheons were at Culloden in support of Bonnie Prince Charlie, and Alexander Hutcheson was groom to the prince. The Jacobite rising of 1745, often referred to as “The Forty-Five” was lost on the battlefield at Culloden. Bonnie Prince Charlie manned 4,500 fighting men against the Duke of Cumberland who commanded 9,000 men.

Cumberland wrote of the MacDonald’s: “They came running on in their wild manner….”

Of Prince Charlie’s army, 1,500 to 2,000 Clansmen were killed and buried in mass graves; 3,471 prisoners taken. 936 were transported to the British Colonies; 222 were simply banished; 905 were released under the Act of Indemnity; 382 were exchanged for French prisoners of war; high-ranking rebel Lords were executed; fate of 648 is unknown. Where does John M’Huitcheon fit into this statistic?

2017: Family Tree DNA (FTDNA)
Connected the following families:

1. This is a big one – through DNA testing we (# 2 following) are linked to the largest group of McCutcheons on the North American Continent – John McCutcheon (1700-1755), a Scottish immigrant, arrived from Glasgow, Scotland, to Donegal, Pennsylvania about 1720. I have them embarking from Glasgow – where they originated is not known at this time. John was married to Dorothy Sproule. It is possible that he also arrived with a brother, Samuel (1715-1798). Samuel was married to Frances Jeanette Noble. By 1730, John and his five sons had arrived in the Shenandoah Valley of Augusta County, Virginia. His five sons, Robert, James, John, Samuel and William were the progenitors of most of the McCutcheons in the United States. This line was the ancestor of “Big Bill” McCutcheon of the doomed Donner Party mentioned in Chapter 16. This line of McCutcheons produced the largest straight line of McCutcheons on the North American Continent. Their number today number in the triple digits.
2. John McCutcheon of Sloanstown – This line of McCutcheons immigrated to Canada between 1821 and 1826. This line is the second largest line of direct McCutcheon ancestors – now numbering over 20,000. Five siblings came together along with their wives, children and sometimes older parents. They settled finally in Erin Township, Wellington County, Ontario. Lawrence McCutcheon, who is the cousin whose DNA was tested for the (FTDNA), represents this line.
3. Robert Flewline McCutcheon II (1806-1882) who married Mary Anne CASWELL (1805-1880) who immigrated to Canada before 1851. Both are from Killane, County Tipperary, Ireland and both died in Nissouri Township, Middlesex County, Ontario. They had eight children who survived to adulthood.
4. Samuel McCutcheon (1777-1818) who married Elizabeth ANDERSON (1778-1842). Samuel was born in Ballywatticok, County Newtownards, Ireland and he died in Movilla, County Newtownards, Ireland. Both Samuel and Elizabeth are buried at the Movilla Graveyard. This family is very closely related to John of Sloanstown – possibly a brother. One of his descendants immigrated to the United States.
5. Josiah Lewis James McCutcheon (1820-1866) born in Virginia and died in Brooklyn, NY. Married Caroline A FAIRFIELD (1825-1878). They had eight children who lived into adulthood. This family does not know who their parents were as Josiah and his siblings were raised in an orphanage.
6. James CAMPBELL (1767-1852) who died in Leitrim, Ireland. He married ACHESON. # 2 of McCutcheons are very closely related to James Campbell…..there is an 82% chance that Our John McCutcheon and James Campbell shared the same set of grandparents within 5 or 6 generations.



1 Orígínes Parochíales Scotíae; the Antiquities Ecclesiastical and Territorial of the Parishes of Scotland; Volume Second; Part I; published July 1854 in Edinburgh by the Bannatyne Club: pages 340, 341, 342 and 374:
3 The Register of the Privy Seal of Scotland; Volume 1: 1488-1529; Published 1908; Edinburgh:
4 In George Fraser Black’s The Surnames of Scotland; Their Origin, Meaning, and History (NY Public Library, 1946); entries for the two names McEACHIN and McEACHERN – pages 488-489: this book is reported to be the “holy grail” of names in Scotland.
6 Kintyre Rentals – 1505-1710; transcribed by Judge A.I.B. Stewart and Andrew McKerral in 1953; Index by Dr. Ruby Campbell; 1987. This 148 page document is several Kintyre rental lists and has been transcribed. These lists pertain to lands held by the crown and later the Earl of Argyll. The persons listed are ‘Tacksmen’ who rented from the Campbells. These ‘Tacksmen’ further divided and rented to tenants. These lists and leases (tacks) were taken from original Exchequer Rolls.
The name M’Cutcheon in these documents has been transcribed by the scribe as follows: the scribe has also inserted as a reference, for most of these names, from the MacEachern Family history and he says that more information is needed about this reference:
Makane, McAcharn, Mcarcharne, McAcharne, McAchern, McAcherne, Makacherne, McAchin, McAchine, McAchorne, M’Caichrane, McCakine, McCauchan, M’Cauchane, McCaucharne, McCauchquhin, Mcauchan, McAuchane, McAuchin, McAuchlane, M”Gouchane, McEacharn, McEacharne, McEachane, McEachen, McEachern, Mc(V)cEachin, McEachin, McEachine, McEachlin, McEachran, M”Eachrane, McEachrane, McEachrine, McEarcharn, McEchan, McEcherin, McEchrine, McEchrine, M’Gachrane, Makgacharne, McGachine, Makgechane, McKeachin, McKeachine, M’Kecharne, M’Kecherne, M’Kechran, M’Kechrane, M’Kechren, M’Kerchan, M’Kerchane.
Almost 50% of the above names do not have the ‘r’ inserted into it. Also in this document, the surname McQuisten [McQuesten] appears as: McGueisten, McQueisten, McQuhistan, McQuisten.

7 The Kintyre Hearth tax by A.I.B. Stewart, Campbeltown, Argyll, Scotland

8 Clan Donald Heritage Site:
9 International Genealogical Index (IGI),” database: 2)&offset=80
10 National archives of Scotland:
11 Commissariot records of Glasgow and Ayrshire – page 309:
12 History of the Outer Hebrides;
13 Kintyre Papers
15 Kintyre in the 17th Century by Andrew McKerral; published 1948; author’s collection.
16 “How the Scots Invented the Modern World” by Arthur Herman. Authors collection.
17 Gravestone Inscriptions – 21 volumes. Authors collection.
18 Immigrants to New England – 1770-1775 by Ethel Stanford Bolton:
19 Book written by Florence McCutcheon McKee – 1931 – called “The McCutcheon {Cutcheon} Family Records and Allied Families.”
21 Book Entitled “Clan Donald” by Donald J MacDonald published 2008. (Author’s Collection).
23 “Place Names of Argyll” by Hugh Cameron Gillies – 1902.



1. The Gaelic form of MacEachern is Mac Eichthigheirn meaning son of Eichthighearn. Although some sources claim a kinship to the MacDonald’s, Allan R MacDonald of Waternish says it is very doubtful that they are MacDonalds, instead claiming that they are more likely to be MacLeans.
2. MERKLAND OR MARKLAND: a Scottish measure of the worth or area of a piece of land. Rent was traditionally paid in kind rather than cash and one merk (mark) equated to a unit of value of what a piece of land produced.
3. A Teind is the Scottish word for tithe, a one-tenth part of the produce of the land owed to the clergy for the maintenance of the clergy.
4. Old Scottish Gaelic Male names:
a. Gillespie = Gaelic for Archibald;
b. Tawis = Tavish – may mean ‘twin’ in Gaelic;
c. Eachan or Eachann (Aichane, Achern, Acharn) = Gaelic for ‘Hector’’;
d. Mor or voir = means big or great;
e. Og or Oig or Ouir = ‘the younger’ a description;
f. Moyl = may be an error. It is probably ‘Mor’;
g. Allister or Allester or Alasdair = Gaelic for Alexander;
h. Reoch in Gaelic is ‘riabhach’ meaning bridled or greyish. It is a nickname for ‘one with grey hair’;
i. Gillandrist = may be ‘Gillander’ or ‘Gilleoin’ which, with M’ is McLean. McLeans in the olden days used to called ‘Gillanders’ or Servant of Saint Andrew;
j. Roy = Gaelic for ‘red’;
k. Gilliecallum = Gillies is Gaelic for ‘servant of Jesus’ and Calum is a variant form of Malcolm in Scotland. Perhaps this name is a combination of the two.
l. Buy or Bui = of the yellow hair.
m. Bane or Bain or Ban = Gaelic for White or Whyte.
n. Vayne = fair.
o. Duy = black.
p. Beg = little.
q. Cam = beloved or of the crooked mouth.
5. James MacDonnell’s letter: 24th January 1546:
“Att Arnamurchan, the 24 day of Januar, the zeir of God ane thowsand fyef hundyr 46 zeir.
“We James M’Conaill of Dunnewaik and ye Glinnis, and aperand aeyr of ye Yllis, grantis us to ene speciall letter, deretik fra zour Lordschip to owr knyis men and alyas, thwchyng the effecte and forme of yair (their) promyssis to ye Kyng of Ynlandis Majeste, to fortyfe and suple our nobill cusyng Mathew Erie of Lenox. Quairfoir, we exort and prais your Lordschip, my Lord Deput of Yrland, with ye weill awyissit Consall of Duplyn, to schaw in owr behalf, and exprem to ye Kingis Majeste, that we are raddy, eftir our extrem power, our kinyesman and alya, namely our cusyng, Alan M’Klayn of Gyga, Clanronald, Clanechanroun, Clancayn, and owr awin sovvrname, bayth north and sowth, to tak ane pairt with ye said Erll of Lenox, or ony oder qwhat sumever, ye Kingis Majeste plaissis, to hauf autyrize or constitut be his grace, in Scotland; leilly and trewly, the oirsaid Kingis Majeste sendand pairt of power to us, in cumpany with ye said Erll of Lenox in ane honest army to ye Yll of Sanday, besyd Kintyer, at Sanct Patrikis day next to cowm, or yairby, athowe ye said maist excellent Prence giffand to us his Majestes raward and sikar, band conformand and equiwalent his Gracis band, maid to our cheyf maister Donald Lord Yllis, qhowm God asolzeit, ye quhilk deid in his Graceis serwece; yis beand acceptibill promist and admittit, we requyre twa or thre schyppis to be send to us to ye abowven expremit place, with yeis berar Hector Donaldsone, beand ane pylayt to ye sammyn, 20 dayes or ye army cowmes, that we might be fornest and gadderit agayns ye comyng of ye said army; to quhawm plais your Lordschip geif firm credence in our behalf. And for kepyng and obserwyng of yir presente promittes, desiring siklyke formaly to be send to us with ye said schippis, we haif affixit our propir seill to the samyng, with our subscription manuall, the day, zeir, and place abowven expremit.

Signed, JAMES M’CONIL, of Dunnewaik and Glenis.” State Papers, vol. iii., p. 548.




18 thoughts on “Chapter 2: The Name McCutcheon: A Study: the Evolution of a name spanning 255 years:

  1. jeanette mccutcheon says:

    I found this information helpful to me as i have learned from family that our family originated from scotland to ireland then somehow to the US. Ive been trying to track down my mccutcheon family roots and history.

    • Sylvia McCutcheon says:

      When did your family go to the US Jeanette? Trying to trace ours too and they took a similar path to yours, and then to Quebec.

      • Jeanette says:

        Im not sure when. I was tracing my grandfathers mccutcheon family on google. My grandfather told me our family first originated in scotland so i just googled mccutcheons of Scotland to see what i could find.

    • Vernon mccutcheon says:

      im tryin to look um from buffalo n.y
      an got alot of. mccutcheon family in Lackawanna.I dont use my e mail so to write back on here would be kool or face book me would be better. lookin forward too this.I was born in 77.

  2. Tamara says:

    Looking for information on ‘McCutcheon’s who settled in South Carolina

    • Sherry McCutcheon says:

      From what I understand the South Carolina McCutcheons came from 6 brothers who came from Ireland. I have not done in-depth research but it looks as though they came through Augusta Co. VA. Sounds like the 5 brothers in the article that came in 1720 (which is the timeframe I came up with). My father (McCutcheon) came from Lake City, SC.

  3. Joe says:

    Can anyone document the surname Kitchens (or like) as derived from McCutheon (or like)? Came to North Carolina ca. 1736. Believed to have settled in Fishing Creek area off Tar River.

  4. roger burbank says:

    So were the Mccutchens variate spelling at the Battle of Culloden.

  5. Charles McCutchen says:

    The McCutcheon book above, states that a John McCutcheon came from Glascow, Scotland to Donegal, PA in about 1720. I would be very, very interested in what proof there is of this???? I am researching the earliest McCutcheons in North America. Any help with this will be greatly appreciated.

  6. janet says:

    Really impressed with amount of material here.

    My father was Samuel Grant McCutcheon. His father William and mother were married in a church in Shankill Belfast though they may have lived in Holywood N Ireland. My grandfather William belonged to the Orange order but i was not able to get info on him from the order.

    The first son of William McCutcheon was also named William and other children were David ( who worked for Parke Davis medical company as some sort of area sales manager), Norah, Eileen, Patricia and possible Flo (she may have been an aunt). The earler children were born in Ireland but at some point thr family relocated to Salford in England,

    The really intriguing thing is the photo of men on this website as the man on the bottom left looks just loke my Father.

    Can anyone tell me more about my family.

    Best wishes

  7. Amber McCutcheon says:

    This is amazing. I had my dna tested and it came back “Ireland” although the area marked also included Scotland. I was raised with the MacDonald Clan history. So I had my Uncle’s y-chromosome 67 marker tested (as my father is past). It came back 100% Clan Campbell. My family was shocked! hahaha! I was already a part of the Clan MacDonald DNA project. But after my results came in, Clan Campbell has invited me to join their Clan and DNA project and says: “we have a funny little group of McCutcheon in our family”. I am trying to trace my family line, but have hit a block at Josiah Lewis McCutcheon born: 1810 in Virginia, and died: 1870 Brooklyn, NY. I would love any direction or help to make the hop across the pond.

    • Megan James says:

      Hi Amber,

      Where did you do your DNA tracing through, and to whom was it reported? We have a family legend of being exiled Jacobite MacCutcheons from Inverness. I would love to find out if it’s true, and see if I can match the legend to DNA and make the hop back across the pond. We successfully traced the evolution of our surname to MacCutcheon about a decade ago.

      bless –
      Megan James
      (Originally Houchins)

      • Amber McCtucheon says:

        Hi Megan!
        What an amazing story that would be to confirm! I love it!
        I had my DNA tested through I had my Uncle’s Y-chromosome tested through Family Tree, then mine through them as well (to confirm both testing sites are accurate). I am a part of Clan MacDonald USA and Clan Campbell. The tracing is mainly through Clan Campbell, as I am getting 99% of my hits from the Campbell Line. They help you with reading the test results. Once you are confirmed with the DNA marker of whichever Clan is in your blood, you are able to contact each other. It is truly amazing! I’ve been in contact with family I never knew about.
        Brightest Blessings!
        Amber McCutcheon

  8. Dave Unger says:

    My paternal grandmother was a McCutcheon of a fairly large group of McCutcheons in Michigan. She had a book called, oddly enough, “The McCutcheon Book” which traced her lineage back to Phaedrus I and Phaedrus II. Do you have anymore information on that line? Other than the fact that they came through Londonderry? Where they might have come from in Scotland? Why they left, etc.

    Thanks for any info.

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