CHAPTER 4 – Clan McCUTCHEON
The Gaelic word “Clanna” is a term that means progeny. I have called our pioneers Clan McCutcheon; however, they were not ever a legal ‘clan’ in the sense of the Scottish definition of one nor were they ever armigerous. A Scottish Clan is a community distinguished by heraldry and recognized by a sovereign. These recognized Clans have a Chief. There is no such thing as a Family Coat of Arms. A person who has arms is called an armiger and his family is considered armigerous. 3 The McCutcheons never had a Coat of Arms and they were therefore never armigerous.
I have found suggestions of a McCutcheon Coat of Arms and a tartan. In 1928, when speaking about broken Clans, CC MacClaughry wrote two letters to Florence McCutcheon, which she published on page five of her book, entitled “The McCutcheon (Cutcheon) Family Records” published in 1931.
CC MacClaughry says: … “In 1896, Mr. Frank Adams, who published his work on the Clans entitled “What is My Tartan” attributes the name of McCutcheon to the McLeods of Assynt. McLeod of Assynt is one of the principal Septs of McLeods of Lewis [whose leader was Torquil McLeod].
He proceeded to say “this distinctive family name [McCutcheon] originated on mainland Scotland around Assynt. Their plaid, also their coat of arms, is the same as that of the McLeods….” However, I have never found any historical evidence of this and most historians’ dispute this finding. The McCutcheons are a Sept of Clan Donald.
So I am calling our pioneers a Clan within the boundaries of a ‘kinship group’. After they landed on Canadian soil they forged social relationships bound more by economics, politics and religion. And they did not mix well with different kinship groups for at least the first two generations. 2
Their behaviour in Canada was ‘clannish’ yet not discriminatory. They became a fairly large group of people who were bound together by blood and marriage.
Several people from the same family, their spouses and children undertook an arduous journey for Canada that was to take almost 5 weeks over an ocean that was un-forgiving. They must have heard the stories of ships lost at sea, consigning their human cargo to the bottom of the ocean. Over a period of 50 years, hundreds of ships were either lost at sea, never to be heard of again, or run aground, bashing against the rocks; hitting icebergs; burning; some on their owns shores, some just as they reached their destiny. Thousands of Ulster immigrants never made it to the Golden Door. Ships with names like Albion, Astrea, Hibernia, Newry, Dispatch never docked at their intended destination.
Whole families from Ulster disappeared beneath the waves leaving entire communities in Ulster to mourn. Yes they heard the stories; possibly mourned lost friends or relatives. But they made the ultimate decision that the risk was worth the reward.
They set off on the journey of a lifetime. We are glad they did.
We left the Quay on the nineteenth of May; set sail upon a fair sea;
Sailed out of the firth; filled with great mirth; we McCutcheons from Donaghadee.
But Alas! Our joy was soon dashed; for a mighty gale arose with such glee,Turn back, we could not, we prayed to God, we put our faith in thee.
We were not told, of the mighty cold, as we crossed the angry, foaming sea;
Nor did we know, how long the gale would blow, leaving us all weak at the knee;
Lack of good food, left us in a mood, not agreeable to be;
Survive it we did, not to be outbid; we McCutcheons from Donaghadee.
It is very probable that Elizabeth never knew that most of her children immigrated to Canada; however, Samuel probably did. This may be a plausible explanation why his grandson, Hugh, immigrated to Canada shortly after 1825. Someone had to stay behind to take care of the aging patriarch.
Our McCutcheon migration was a trickle migration. First came William McCutcheon (1795-1862) and Margaret- Hayes in 1821. Second, in 1823, came John McCutcheon (1770-1827), Eleanor, Robert and his wife, Agnes Beck along with brother Samuel, Letitia, her mother, and their 5 children. This is why I have assumed John to be the eldest because his children were married BEFORE they left Ireland whereas some of Samuel’s children were only teenagers. Then in 1826, came Hugh McCutcheon (1795-1861) and Mary Stewart, along with their children and most of her siblings. And finally, came William McCutcheon (1777-1832) and his family circa 1826.
Of the five known children of Samuel and Elizabeth listed below, only two (or possibly three) of them were the progenitors of the pioneers who forged the path through Canada and the United States. How many heirs did these individuals generate? We may never know the total number. A general estimate now is in the vicinity of 4,000. Currently, on my family tree on Ancestry.com, there are over 1100 people with the last name McCutcheon and this is not representative of all direct descendants. Many daughters whose last names changed produced direct descendants.
I have separated the siblings into 3 categories: 1st is John because he is the eldest; 2nd is Samuel as the next brother; 3rd is William (I believe he is a brother) in Chapter 14 following. Of the three possible brothers, Samuel’s line was the most prolific.
William McCutcheon (1777- 1832) in Chapter 14 is probably directly related to John McCutcheon (1770-1827) in Chapter 7. I have included he and his family in the latter section of this book.
~Samuel McCutcheon and Elizabeth Unknown~~Cottown, Bangor, Northern Ireland~
A). Samuel McCUTCHEON was born in the County of Down, Lower Ards, Northern Ireland in 1752. He died on the 22nd December 1825 at the age of 73 years and is buried in the Grey Abbey Graveyard. He married Elizabeth Unknown circa 1770. Elizabeth died at the age of 65 years on the 16th March 1817. She was buried in the Grey Abbey Graveyard (see graveyard inscription following).
Picture of Samuel McCutcheon and Elizabeth’s headstone was taken at the Grey Abbey Church Graveyard, County Down, Ireland in the summer of 2014 by their 6th Great Grand-daughter, Debbie Powell. Debbie is the Great Great Grand-daughter of Isabella McCutcheon who was the daughter of Samuel Donald McCutcheon (1849-1929). Samuel Donald’s story begins as B: Chapter 11.
Page 54, Volume 12, Gravestone Inscriptions, compiled by R. S. J. Clarke:
McCUTCHEON: Erected by Samuel McCutcheon of Cottown** in remembrance of his wife Elizabeth McCutcheon who departed this life 16th March 1817 age 65 years. Here lieth the body of Samuel McCutcheon who departed this life 22nd December 1825 age 73 years. [There is another inscription deeply buried]. 4
**”Cottown” is a Townland, 1,266 acres in size, in the County of Down, in the Barony of Lower Ards, Civil Parish of Bangor, PLU Newtownards.
After searching the database on PRONI, I never found Samuel, or any other McCutcheon, listed as a Freeholder of this property, so he may have lived and worked on this farm as a landless labourer or a cottier.
The “Landless Labourer” was, by far, the poorest in Ireland. They suffered the most in terms of wages, living conditions, and general well- being. Since they couldn’t grow their own potatoes they were at the mercy of buying their provisions on the open market. Although they worked for cash, the price of potatoes was generally much higher than if they produced them. It was this system of cottier-landless tenant that eventually led to the mass famine of 1845.
Picture is courtesy of Debbie Powell (Miethig). 4
The Grey Abbey “Cistercian Priory” Monastery in the Village of Grey Abbery, which is where this grave is located, was founded in 1193 by Affreca, daughter of the King of Mann, wife of John de Courcy. It was dissolved in 1536 but lived on for 30 years longer. At the end of Queen Elizabeth’s reign, it was almost destroyed. “Order of Cistercian” is a Catholic Religious Order of enclosed monks and nuns, sometimes called White Monks.
VILLAGE OF GREY ABBEY:
In 2010, is a small village of about 1,000 -1,200 people, located 7 miles south of Newtownards on the shores of Strangford Lough. It is located about 15 miles from Belfast. In 1910, the population was 563. Newtownards is a larger urban centre located on the Ards Peninsula in the Barony of Lower Ards, closer to Belfast. It is located about 8 or 9 miles east of Belfast. Donaghadee is a small port town located on the east coast of the Ards Peninsula, about 18 miles from Belfast and 8 miles north-east of Newtownards. These three urban centres form a “triangle” where some McCutcheon gravesites can be found, some dating back to 1743. Also in this small triangle of land, there are several McCutcheons who are listed as “Freeholders”, dating to back to 1766. This information can be found at “PRONI.” 1
The term “TOWNLAND” is the smallest unit of land measurement used in Ireland. A Townland can be anywhere from 10 acres up to 2000 acres. For example, Sloanstown, a Townland of 261 acres (almost 1/2 section of land) is located in County Down, the Barony of Lower Ards in the civil parish of Donaghadee in the PLU of Newtownards. In 1815, John McCutcheon (Samuel’s oldest son) was listed as being a “Freeholder” of Sloanstown and his Landlord is George Mathews. In 1815, both Andrew and David Stewart are also listed as freeholders of Sloanstown, but their landlord was James Montgomery. In 1815, freeholders were people who either owned their land, or in the above three examples, leased their land, were worth at least 40 shillings per year, and who could vote. There were 4 other Freeholders in 1815, (John Hastings, John and James Heasty, Samuel McClatterly) who also leased land in Sloanstown from James Montgomery. All told, there were seven tenants leasing this small portion of land, amounting to about 38 acres apiece.
NOTE: The following genealogical connection is speculative and needs more historical support.
~CHILDREN OF SAMUEL McCUTCHEON AND ELIZABETH WERE~
- John McCUTCHEON (2) was born in the County of Down near Donaghadee in 1770 and he died on the 28th October 1827 in Erin County, Wellington, Ontario. It is believed he is buried at the Ballinafad Cemetery situated on country road # 24 in Erin Township. (See # 2 following). ►
- Samuel McCUTCHEON (2) was born in the County of Down near Donaghadee in 1772 and he died in May 1828 at the Welland Canal, Ontario. Money was very scarce and Samuel and some neighbours returned to Welland Canal to obtain work in 1828. They were there only a short time before Samuel died very suddenly. It has been reported that he choked to death while eating supper. (See # 3 following). ►
- Hugh McCUTCHEON (2) was born in the County of Down near Donaghadee in 1773 and he died on the 10th October 1832 in Cleveland, Ohio. Hugh was married in Grey Abbey, County Down before he immigrated with his wife to Canada. Hugh McCutcheon received a Location ticket for Lot 4, Concession 4 in Cavan Township (Millbrook Area) on the 8th February 1824. He cleared a few acres on this lot but then he went to work on the Ohio Canal as he needed money. ►
In 1832 there was a world-wide outbreak of cholera that originated in India. Cholera entered North America through the Port of Quebec, Lower Canada and then moved rapidly across the continent. By October 1832, it had arrived in Cleveland, Ohio. He died near Cleveland Ohio in October of 1832. He never received his “Letters Patent” for his land. His nephew, Charles McCutcheon Senior (the oldest son of his brother Samuel) managed to claim the estate and then sold it a short time later for seventy five dollars. It is not known if Hugh left any children.
- Robert McCUTCHEON (2) was born in the County of Down near Donaghadee in 1774 and he died in July 1832, Thorold, Welland, Ontario. He married Margaret Unknown circa 1795 in Grey Abbey, County Down. It is believed they had at least two boys whilst in Ireland, but those children perished either on the boat crossing the Atlantic or shortly thereafter landing. Robert broke his leg while working at the Welland Canal in 1827. A letter in September 1827 stated that two of his children had died and he was unable to perform settlement duties. If they left heirs, they are unknown. ►
Heir & Devisee – Mulmur Township, Lot 13, Concession VII EHST. Location Ticket dated the 29th September 1825. There was a petition from Robert’s wife Margaret to obtain title to the land. Her husband had died at Thorold in July 1832.
- Sarah McCUTCHEON (2) was born in the County of Down near Donaghadee in 1776 and she died in Ontario after 1862. Sarah never married. She was 85 years old on the 1861 Census of Ontario and she was living with David McCutcheon and his wife Mary Ellen. She died sometime after 1861 at a very old age.
FIRST GENERATON ON CANADIAN – AMERICAN SOIL – Generation 2
1.) John McCutcheon (2) (Samuel-1) The oldest son of Samuel and Elizabeth, came from Donaghadee, County Down with his wife, Eleanor Johnston, their 3 sons and their wives and children In 1823. John was born in 1770 in in the County of Down near Donaghadee and died on the 28th October 1827 in Erin County, Wellington, Ontario. He married Eleanor Johnston circa 1793 in Grey Abbey. Eleanor was born circa 1775 in Donaghadee and she died circa 1833 in Wellington, Ontario. ►
NOTE: The female first name “Eleanor”, along with the 78 variant forms of it meaning “sun ray or shining light”, is a variant form of Helen. The name is of Greek origin, used in France by Eleanor of Aquitaine in the 12th Century. It came across to Scotland with William the conqueror and was then used in Scotland. The Native Irish did not name their female children Eleanor. Two of the nicknames associated with the name are “Nellie” or “Ellie”.
~CHILDREN OF JOHN McCUTCHEON AND ELEANOR JOHNSTON WERE~
- Robert McCUTCHEON (3) (John-2; Samuel-1). See Chapter 6.
- Hugh McCUTCHEON (3) (John-2; Samuel-1). See Chapter 7.
- William McCUTCHEON (3) (John-2; Samuel-1). See Chapter 8.
FREEHOLDERS RECORDS – 1783 to 1831 – SLOANSTOWN, BARONY OF ARDS.
Through the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI), 1783 – 1797 in the Townland of Sloanstown, there were 10 tenants who leased land:
- William Dill. 6. Samuel McClaffery.
- William Heasty. 7. Robert McKee.
- Hugh Heasty. 8. Andrew Stewart.
- James Montgomery. 9. David Stuart.
- James Heasty. 10. John McCutcheon. (1792). This was probably John’s grand-father, John of Sloanstown. 1
Through PRONI, for 1815 in the Townland of Sloanstown, there were 3 Landlords – James Montgomery Esquire, George Mathews Esquire and John Heasty – who leased lands to 6 tenants:
- David Stewart. (Value of Freehold 40s).
- Andrew Stewart. (Value of Freehold 40s).
- John McCutcheon. (Value of Freehold 40s). (1815). This too was probably John’s grand-father.
- Samuel McClaffery. (Value of Freehold 40s.)
- James Heasty. (Value of Freehold 40s).
- John Hastings. (Value of Freehold 40s).
Through PRONI – 1831 – there was 1 Landlord – Mary Stewart with only 2 tenants:
- William Dill with 2 leaseholds.
- William Moore. 1
Will of John McCutcheon – 28th October 1827:
Heir and Devisee
In the name of God Amen, I, John McCutcheon do bequeath to my wife Eleanor otherwise Johnston all the property that I possess while she lives that she is to have the rooms that we live in and she half of the clearing at that time.
And at her death I do bequeath to my son Robert one shilling and to his son John one cow, and to my son Hugh 50 acres of land if that he comes to live on it.
And to my son William 50 acres of the NW half of this lot. And if Hugh does not come to live on it then he or his family is to have 2 pound, 10 shilling per year out of it.
All that she possesses at her last after putting us in the ground is to go to our grandchildren – it is to be valued and then to be divided equally amongst them. Robert’s sons Henry and James, Hugh’s children and William’s children.
I am in my full judgment and understanding at this present time but does not know how long that may last with me.
October 28th 1827
Signed John McCutcheon Erin (L7 C5)
William Kennedy (Great great-grandfather of Barry Stewart)
John S. Teetzel
John T. Westfall
The Following Two Documents Explain What Happened to John’s Land Patent:
Certificate for the Heir & Devisee Commission Crown Land Department Quebec 28th June 1860.
I certify that the W-1/2 of Lot 7 in the 5th Concession of the Twp of Erin was located 20th July 1826 in the name of William McCutcheon as an emigrant settler & has been described for patent remains as certified to the Commission 7th July 1858 in the claim of Agnes Warren (Warne) formerly John McCutcheon and Eleanor McCutcheon.
In the following document Hugh McCutcheon waived his rights in favour of his brother William regarding the property of their father, John McCutcheon.
Heir and Devisee MS-657 Reel 82.
Know all men by these presents that I Hugh McCutcheon of the Township of Erin in the County of Wellington and Province of Canada yeoman devise under the last will and testament of John McCutcheon late of said township of Erin County of Wellington deceased, for and in consideration of the sum of five dollars of lawful money of me in Canada to me in hand paid at or before the date hereof by William McCutcheon of the said Township of Erin in the said County of Wellington yeoman do by these presents sell, assign transfer and set over to and in favour of the said William McCutcheon his heirs executors administrators and assigns all my right title and interest both at law and in equity in and to the W-1/2 of Lot 7 in Concession V, Erin Township in the said County of Wellington.
In witness hereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this ninth day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty.
X Hugh McCutcheon.
X Witness John Anderson.
► Homestead – Land Grants and/or Letters Patents were applied for on the 18th February 1824. John and his son William applied for land in Erin Township on the same day as Samuel and Hugh McCutcheon, two of John’s brothers. Samuel applied for Mono Township and Hugh in Cavan Township. John McCutcheon obtained his location ticket for his homestead: W 1/2-7-5 100 acres obtained Location Ticket. Fees 6.7.6. Total 12.15s.
2). Samuel McCUTCHEON (2) (Samuel-1) was born circa 1772 in Donaghadee, County Down, Northern Ireland and he died in May 1828 whilst working on the Welland Canal in Ontario. He married Charlotte Letitia MORRISON circa 1813. Charlotte was born circa 1795 in County Down and she died on the 19th of May 1852 in Mulmur, Dufferin, Ontario. Her parents were Henry Morrison (1770-1820) and Isabella (1770-1845). ►
~CHILDREN OF SAMUEL McCUTCHEON AND CHARLOTTE LETITIA MORRISION WERE~
- Charles McCUTCHEON (3) (Samuel-2; Samuel-1). See Chapter 8.
- David McCUTCHEON (3) (Samuel-2; Samuel-1. See Chapter 10.
- William McCUTCHEON (3) (Samuel-2; Samuel-1). See Chapter 11.
- Samuel Henry McCUTCHEON (3) (Samuel-2; Samuel-1). Born on the 4th July 1823 in Montreal, Quebec. He was baptised on the 7th July 1823 at the Anglican Christ Cathedral in Montreal. He went to work at the Welland Canal and never returned to Mulmur Township. He possibly married a woman named Mary and had one known child: Catherine Ann McCutcheon B. circa 1857.
- Charlotte Letitia McCUTCHEON (3) (Samuel-2; Samuel-1). See Chapter 12.
- John McCUTCHEON (3) (Samuel-2; Samuel-1). Born in 1828 and died 4 years later in 1832 in Mulmur, Dufferin, ON.
In January 1824 the Welland Canal Company was formed. No dirt was turned until the opening ceremony in November 1824 when 200 people gathered at Allanburg, Ontario to see the first shovel dug. The building of the Welland Canal officially began the following year in July 1825.
The first crews were European Immigrants who worked with shovels and axes. The main channel they initially dug was a deep cut 24 feet wide by 8 feet deep, digging from Allanburg to Port Robinson about 4 miles long. In some areas, the workers had to dig 26 feet deep through sandy moraine. This proved disastrous when in November 1828, two weeks before completion of the deep cut, the banks caved in killing an unidentified number of workers below.
The workers received 50 cents per day of work.
The first canal officially opened for business on the 30th November 1829.
Samuel died in May 1828. It was reported that he choked to death while eating supper. He was working on the Welland Canal for a short time before he died.
Heir and Devisee Commission Cabinet – 7 Reel 100AO #2854
I certify that Lot #26 in the first concession west of Hurontario Street in the township of Mono was located 2 November 1824 in the name of Samuel McCutcheon, an emigrant settler under Order in Council 18th February 1824 and has not been presented for patent.
The report of inspection where unto Widow McCutcheon is in occupation with fifty acres cleared, and an application on her front for a patent of the lot claimed has been made by petitioner.
Affidavit made at the Canada Home District by Isabella Morrison, Charlotte’s mother, after Samuel died intestate at the Canada Home District: 21st May 1844:
Isabella Morrison of the township of Mono in the Simcoe District and Province of Canada, widow of the late Henry Morrison of the County Down in that part of the United Kingdom called Ireland, yeoman, maketh oath and saith that she was well acquainted with the late Sam McCutcheon of the township of Mono aforesaid, yeoman, the locatee of Lot #26 in the 1st concession west of Hurontario Street in said township of Mono containing two hundred acres and this deponent saith that she has known the said Sam McCutcheon ever since his childhood, that some-time about the Year of our Lord eighteen hundred and sixteen as this deponent believes, in the said County Down in Ireland aforesaid, the said Samuel McCutcheon was married to Charlotte Letitia, the only daughter of this deponent and the said Henry Morrison and this deponent further saith that about the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four the said deponent accompanied the said Samuel McCutcheon and his family from Ireland to the Province of Canada and this deponent further saith that she has always been perfectly well acquainted with the family of the said Samuel McCutcheon and with all the children of the said Samuel McCutcheon and that Charles McCutcheon in the annexed affidavit mentioned was and is the oldest son and heir at law of the said Samuel McCutcheon that the said Charles McCutcheon was born some time as this deponent believes in the Year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and seventeen nearly a year after the marriage of the said Samuel McCutcheon and the daughter of this deponent and that this deponent was present at the birth of the said Charles McCutcheon and that this deponent has personally known and been acquainted with the said Charles McCutcheon ever since and know the said Charles McCutcheon to be the oldest son and heir at law, of the said Samuel McCutcheon and that the said Samuel McCutcheon had five children besides the said Charles McCutcheon, namely David, the second son, William the third, Samuel the fourth and Charlotte the fifth and John the youngest who has since died and the deponent further saith that some-time after the said Samuel McCutcheon came to this country he, as this deponent verily believes located the same lot before mentioned in the said township of Mono and that the said Samuel McCutcheon went and resided for some time upon the said lot with his family and this deponent further saith she believes that some-time after the said Samuel McCutcheon went, as this deponent believes to get employment on the Welland Canal in the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine and left his family living on the said lot and this deponent further states that a short (less about two or three weeks) after the said Samuel McCutcheon went to the said Welland Canal, he, the said Samuel McCutcheon departed this life as she, the deponent, at that time heard and verily believed and this deponent further saith that the said Samuel McCutcheon died intestate leaving the said Charles McCutcheon his eldest son and heir at law and the deponent verily believes that the said Samuel McCutcheon never made any will.
Sworn before me in the City of Toronto, in the Home District, the same having been carefully explained to the deponent and she, the deponent, appearing perfectly to understand the same, this twenty-first day of May 1844.
Isabella McCutcheon X her mark.
AFFIDAVIT Made at the Home District by Ed Smith
Ed Smith, of the township of Mono in the Simcoe District and Province of Canada, yeoman, maketh oath and saith that in February in the year 1829, he, this deponent, became acquainted with Samuel McCutcheon in the annexed affidavit mentioned, that the said Samuel McCutcheon was at the time living on Lot #26 in the 1st Concession west of Huron Ontario Street in the said township of Mono, which said lot was granted to the said Samuel McCutcheon as an emigrant from Ireland, that he believes that the said Samuel McCutcheon had at the time been living on the said lot for the space of two years before and had cleared several acres of the said lot and built a house and barn on the said lot and that his said family consisted of his wife, four sons, that is to say, Charles in the annexed affidavit being the eldest, David the second, William the third, and Samuel the fourth and one daughter named Charlotte, the fifth child and this deponent further saith a short time after he, this deponent, became acquainted with the said Samuel McCutcheon to wit in the month of April or May in the said year 1829, the said Samuel McCutcheon left the township of Mono and went to the Welland Canal to get work where he, this deponent also went for employment a few days after the said Samuel McCutcheon and this deponent further saith that while he was there and before the said Samuel McCutcheon departed this life, he, this deponent, was in the constant and daily habit of seeing and being in the company of the said Samuel McCutcheon and this deponent further saith that about two weeks after he, this deponent went to the Welland Canal as aforesaid, the said Samuel McCutcheon accidentally while at dinner choked himself and died in consequence some-time during the said month of May 1829 and this deponent further saith that he was in the company of the said Samuel McCutcheon at the time and that the said Samuel McCutcheon died almost immediately after he was so choked as aforesaid and this deponent further saith that to the best of his knowledge and belief, that the said Samuel McCutcheon never made any will but that the said Samuel McCutcheon then and there died to wit at the Welland Canal in the month of May 1829, intestate, leaving Charles McCutcheon in the said affidavit, annexed mentioned his eldest son and heir at law now surviving.
X his mark Edward Smith.
BIOGRAPHICAL – from the Christian Guardian, May 1852
Mrs. Letitia McCutcheon of Mulmur
It was at the altar of prayer I formed a profitable acquaintance with a departed friend, when as a sincere penitent, she presented herself, imploring the prayers of the people. She first came to reside in the family of a pious son-in-law, one of our leaders (J. Robinson). Her daughter, Mrs. Robinson, came forward to seek true religion; I felt great anxiety less the mother’s prejudices might overrule and hinder the daughter, yet after long and earnest seeking the daughter found peace and joy in believing; then to our great joy, came the aged parent, and to our greater joy was so on made to rejoice in Christ the Lord.
The book in which she was taught her first lesson is to this day, in a state of preservation bought in Belfast, the same year the French invaded Ireland (1793).
This year, by a strange providence, she came to the Mulmur meetings, where the happy lesson of believing in the Lord was taught, learned and joyfully experienced by her. After her conversion, she was immediately attacked with dropsy, and after a little lingering she died in great pain. How good, how wise His hand!
Mrs. Margaret Denough, of Mono.
► Homestead– Land Grants: Samuel applied for his Land Grant on the 16th February 1824 in Nottawasaga, On. However, he died before he could fulfill his obligations in order to receive title to his land. His widow, Charlotte, fulfilled the necessary obligations to receive title, which she applied for on the 16th November 1837.
3 The Heraldry Society of Scotland; http://www.heraldry-scotland.co.uk/beginners.html
4 Graveyard Inscriptions of the Grey Abbey Grave-yard; (Authors Collection). Page 11: Grey Abbey Graveyard, O.S.12 Grid reference S82G81: This is just outside (east) of the present Abbey grounds. It is densely packed with headstones and contains a large number of eighteenth century stones. The parish registers (Church of Ireland) all date from 1807. Presbyterian registers date from 1875 (baptismal) and 1845 (marriage). The graveyard is very uneven with many broken stones and some lying face downwards. Several of those recorded required extensive digging before they could be read and others may be still undiscovered. In the summer the graveyard is a wilderness of nettles and other weeds. All stones with dates of death prior to 1865 have been completely copied. There are no monuments in the parish church dating prior to 1865.
There are approximately 410 headstones – graves in this graveyard, many with multiple people buried on each grave site. The Grey Abbey Graveyard is in chaos. The abbey ruins were never used as the general burying place for the whole parish. Burials were confined to the small space to the east bounded by the entrance to Rosemount and by the church on its rocky hill. The ruins were handed over to the Commissioners of Public Works in 1907. The ruins are now well kept. The graveyard is not.
5 Ulster Society.
6 Ulster Genealogical and Historical Guild.